Bowdoin College Catalogue and Academic Handbook

English (ENGL)

ENGL 1003  (c)   Shakespeare's Afterlives  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Romeo and Juliet as garden gnomes, Richard III as Adolf Hitler, King Lear as aging patriarch of an Iowa family farm...these are just some of the ways that Shakespeare’s plays and characters have been reimagined in literature produced in the time since he lived and wrote for the London stage. Placing individual plays by Shakespeare in conversation with particular adaptations, we examine the aesthetic, cultural, and political dimensions of Shakespearean drama and his literary and cultural legacy as found in later fiction, drama, and film. Plays by Shakespeare may include 1 Henry IV, Twelfth Night, Hamlet, King Lear, and The Tempest, together with adaptations by Oscar Wilde, Tom Stoppard, Jane Smiley, and Arthur Philips.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020.

ENGL 1005  (c)   Victorian Monstrosity  

Aviva Briefel.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

Examines various monsters and creatures that emerge from the pages of Victorian narratives. What do these strange beings tell us about literary form, cultural fantasies, and anxieties; or about conceptions of selfhood and the body? How do they embody (or disembody) identities that subvert sexual, racial, and gendered norms? Authors may include Lewis Carroll, Richard Marsh, Robert Louis Stevenson, Bram Stoker, and H.G. Wells. (Same as: GSWS 1005)

ENGL 1006  (c)   Seeing White: Constructions of Race and Strategies for Antiracism  

Meredith McCarroll.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

What does “white” mean as a racial identity? What are the differences in white privilege and white supremacy? How do film, television and literature hold up and construct whiteness? Film scholar and cultural critic Richard Dyer calls us to “see whiteness” as a social construction by “making it strange”. Students in this class will make whiteness strange through a study of the historical meaning(s) of American whiteness and the representations of whiteness, as well as a personal engagement with whiteness at Bowdoin. Anti-racist whiteness, multiraciality and whiteness, a contemporary rise in white supremacy, and non-white conceptions of American whiteness will all be topics of this course.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1007  (c)   Joan of Arc  

Emma Maggie Solberg.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in 1431 at the age of nineteen. This course explores the long history of this warrior, heretic, and saint, beginning with the medieval records of her trial and execution and then moving through the centuries and the countless stories told about her in literature, art, music, and cinema all the way up to the present moment.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 1009  (c, FYS)   The Ravages of Love  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Examines examples of overwhelming love in eighteenth and nineteenth century novels from England, France, and Germany. Through close reading and intensive writing, considers the intersection of love with the difficulties created by class and gender difference; the power of desire to challenge social convention and the terms of ordinary reality; the confrontations between love, egotism, and seduction; and the implications of love’s attempt to dare all, even at the risk of death. Discusses the political overtones of these narratives of love and their place within the construction of gender, sexuality and subjectivity in Western culture. Authors may include Prevost, Goethe, Laclos, Hays, Austen, Bronte, and Flaubert. (Same as: GSWS 1009)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1010  (c)   Creating Monsters  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

What makes a "monster"? What does it mean to think of oneself as a monster? What obligations do their creators, and their societies, have to the monsters they have created? This course will focus on famous literary monsters, including Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Bram Stoker's Dracula, and Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. In addition to reading the literary works that gave birth to these creatures, we will explore the film representations that have helped to shape these monsters in the cultural imagination.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 1011  (c)   Trolls, Frogs, and Princesses: Fairy Tales and Retellings  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Explores the resiliency of fairy tales across cultural boundaries and historical time. Traces the genealogical origins of the classic tales, as well as their metamorphoses in historical and contemporary variants, fractured tales, and adaptations in literature and film. The class is designed to help students write confidently and with power in a variety of contexts, harnessing the resources of grammar, style, rhetorical form, persuasion, argumentation—and magic, of course. (Same as: ,THTR 1007, CINE 1007)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020.

ENGL 1012  (c)   Jane Austen  

Ann Kibbie.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

A study of Jane Austen’s major works, Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Emma, Mansfield Park, and Persuasion. (Same as: GSWS 1025)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 1014  (c, FYS)   Memoir as Testimony  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Explores cultural movements and moments in the US and beyond through memoirs, graphic memoirs, and personal essays as well as critical essays on the memoir form. Examines how the story of an individual life is always, also, the story of a historical moment. Readings may include work by Alison Bechdel, Eula Biss, Thi Bui, Ta-Nehisi Coates, Garrard Conley, Maxine Hong Kingston, Sonya Livingston, Rian Malan, Claudia Rankine, Loung Ung, J.D. Vance, Jesmyn Ward, and others. Writing assignments critical and creative in form. Students both analyze these works and produce their own, capturing and interrogating what historical moments they themselves are living through.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 1015  (c, FYS)   Dystopian Americas  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Explores recent dystopian fiction by multicultural writers in English who imagine America’s near futures. While the dystopian genre has long been used to challenge prevailing power structures, we focus on works that further feature minority protagonists, combining examinations of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in relation to contemporary themes of climate change, immigration, terrorism, globalization, and biotechnology. Authors include Margaret Atwood, Octavia Butler, Omar El Akkad, Chang-rae Lee, and Sabrina Vourvoulias. Also introduces the fundamentals of college-level writing, from a review of grammar and mechanics to discussions of textual analysis, thesis development, organizational structure, evidence use, synthesis of critics, and research methods. (Same as: ASNS 1042)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 1018  (c)   Jane Eyre, Everywhere  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Charlotte Brontë's 1847 novel, “Jane Eyre,” had a profound impact not only on subsequent nineteenth-century fiction, but also on twentieth- and twenty-first century literary representations of female experience. Begins with a close reading of Brontë's novel and then moves on to exploring modern literary rewritings of this narrative. Considers both how Brontë's themes are carried out through these various texts and why her narrative has been such a rich source of reinterpretation. In addition to Brontë, authors may include Du Maurier, James, Messud, Park, and Rhys. (Same as: GSWS 1018)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018.

ENGL 1019  (c, FYS)   Becoming Modern  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

An examination of early modernity from 1500 to 1800. Topics include modern doubt and skepticism; the quest for certainty; the rise of science; the emergence of individuality and its impact on ethics, politics, and religion; the Reformation; the Enlightenment; and the beginnings of Romanticism. Authors may include Descartes, Milton, Hobbes, Locke, Defoe, Rousseau, and Mary Shelley.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 1026  (c)   Freedom Stories  

Tess Chakkalakal.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

Explores the ways in which the idea of American freedom has been defined both with and against slavery through readings of legal and literary texts. Students come to terms with the intersections between the political, literary, and historical concept of freedom and its relation to competing definitions of American citizenship. (Same as: AFRS 1026)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2019.

ENGL 1027  (c)   The Real Life of Literature  

Guy Mark Foster.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

Examines literary fiction set against the backdrop of actual historical events, such as wars, social protest events, terrorist attacks, earthquakes, the HIV/AIDS pandemic, the Holocaust, and political assassinations. Students not only analyze the literary strategies writers employ to fictionalize history and to historicize fiction, but also explore the methodological and philosophical implications of such creative gestures. In the end, this two-fold process transforms both categories in ways that permanently unsettle the status of fiction as merely imaginative and the historical as merely fact. Potential authors: Virginia Woolf, Octavia Butler, Yasmina Khadra, David Mura, Nicole Krause, Andrew Holleran, among others.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019, Fall 2018.

ENGL 1033  (c, FYS)   Modernity at Sea  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Beginning with Walt Whitman’s celebration of a seafaring globe “spann’d, connected by network,” the figure of the oceanic has spoken to a dream of embracing everything, from far-flung peoples to the earth’s most evasive animal life. Makes use of of twentieth/twenty-first-century century American visual and textual materials to consider the ways in which poetry, stories, film, and multimedia works have advanced and critiqued Whitman’s vision of a unified modernity. Subtopics include modernist aesthetics; globalization and its limits; place, space, and the representation of landscape; and the artistic retrieval of lost or undocumented histories, such as the slave trade and migration. Authors may include Herman Melville, Sarah Orne Jewett, Hart Crane, Robert Hayden, Rachel Carson, M. NourbeSe Philip, and Ruth Ozeki. Class visits neighboring coastal sites, including the Coastal Studies Center.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 1034  (c)   America in the World  

Morten Hansen.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

Examines America as it is seen in literature from home and abroad. How have American authors described America’s place in the world? How has America’s present role as the sole global superpower affected how we view its past? What does America look like today from the perspective of the third world? Explores the way literature represents space and time, from current events to world history. Authors include Henry James, James Baldwin, Toni Morrison, Jamaica Kincaid, and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1038  (c, FYS)   American Dreamers  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Traces the influential and shaping myth of social mobility and meritocracy that James Truslow Adams coined the “American Dream” in 1931 to describe “a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement.” In order to explore the ways that this myth has shaped American fiction and culture, we will analyze a range of literary, dramatic, and filmic representations, from the frontier of Nebraska in Willa Cather’s O Pioneers! (1913) to the immigrant stories of the short documentary American Dreamers (2012) and the rap musical Hamilton (2016). In between, we will read fiction by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Flannery O’Connor, Grace Paley, and Paul Beatty, together with nonfiction by Barbara Ehrenreich, Martin Luther King, Jr, and James Baldwin, among others.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 1039  (c, FYS)   Coming of Age in the Victorian Period  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Examines the Victorian Bildungsroman, or coming-of-age novel. Considers how this genre of narrative depicts childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Questions if an individual changes in passing through these various stages or whether there are elements of constancy. Asks if growth is the same thing as transformation. Authors may include Charlotte Bronte, Lewis Carroll, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, and Oscar Wilde.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 1043  (c)   Fact and Fiction  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

An introduction to the study and creation of various kinds of narrative forms (short story, travel essay, bildungsroman, detective fiction, environmental essay, satire, personal essay, etc.). Students write critical essays and use the readings in the class as models for their own short stories and works of creative nonfiction. Class members discuss a wide range of published canonical and contemporary narratives and workshop their own essays and stories. In doing so, the class dedicates itself to both the study of literature and the making of it.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1045  (c, FYS)   This is America: Being and Becoming American  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Who defines America? Who can be (or become) American? Who cannot? What walls and passports have existed to block or welcome immigrants to America over its two nearly two-and-a-half centuries? We will engage with various historical and literary sources such as essays, fiction, narrative and documentary films, poems, newspapers, and popular music through the field of American studies. Who maintains norms around America and American identity, and at what cost to its populace? As a first-year seminar, this course will focus students on the cyclical process of writing—drafting and revising throughout the semester. Students will work on close reading strategies and develop as academic writers and thinkers.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 1046  (c, FYS)   After Kafka  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

A look at contemporary global fiction with an eye for the influence of Franz Kafka (1883-1924). Investigates how and why current writers from around the world have acknowledged Kafka’s work as they have engaged with themes of modern alienation, modes of magical realism, ideas of existence’s absurdity, images of arbitrary authoritarian power, and questions of human/animal difference. Considers what it means for a writer to spawn an adjective as well as whether an international literary world grown ever more Kafka friendly is necessarily evidence of a world grown ever more Kafkaesque. Authors, in addition to Kafka, may include Jorge Luis Borges, Italo Calvino, Can Xue, J. M. Coetzee, Yiyun Li, Haruki Murakami, and Jonathan Tel.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 1050  Writing Studio  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  .5 Credit  Credit/D/F Only.   

To be taken in conjunction with any first-year seminar. This course offers sustained support for students to develop skills needed for the first-year seminar and beyond: close reading, preparing for class discussion, drafting and revising essays, information literacy and library skills, grammar, and presentation strategies. Students will work independently, meeting regularly with the director of writing and rhetoric, the director of the Writing Project, and writing assistants. At semester’s end, students will submit a portfolio of all drafts with revisions and reflections. The aim of this course is to supplement the instruction in the first-year seminar, to offer directive instruction not often included in the first-year seminar, and to build strong habits in the first semester. One-half credit; grading is Credit/D/Fail.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019, Fall 2018.

ENGL 1060  (c)   English Composition  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Practice in developing the skills needed to write and revise college-level expository essays. Explores the close relationship between critical reading and writing. Assignment sequences and different modes of analysis and response enable students to write fully developed expository essays. Does not count toward the major or minor in English.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Fall 2020, Spring 2020, Fall 2019, Spring 2019, Fall 2018, Spring 2018, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1070  (c)   The Art of Rhetoric and Composition  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intended for confident writers who want to ensure that they leave college speaking and writing not just proficiently, but also magnificently and irresistibly. Learn the challenging art of writing from the best, beginning with classics and moving to the current period: authors may include Philip Sydney, Jonathan Swift, Mark Twain, George Orwell, Jessica Mitford, and David Foster Wallace. Writing intensive. This course may be counted toward the major and minor in English.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.

ENGL 1104  (c)   From Page to Screen: Film Adaptation and Narrative  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

Explores the topic of adaptation, specifically, the ways in which cinematic texts transform literary narratives into visual forms. Begins with the premise that every adaptation is an interpretation, a rewriting/rethinking of an original text that offers an analysis of that text. Central to class discussions is close attention to the differences and similarities in the ways in which written and visual texts approach narratives, the means through which each medium constructs and positions its audience, and the types of critical discourses that emerge around literature and film. May include works by Philip K. Dick, Charles Dickens, Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock, Stanley Kubrick, David Lean, Anita Loos, Vladimir Nabokov, and Ridley Scott. (Same as: CINE 1104)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 1105  (c)   Introduction to Poetry  

Marilyn Reizbaum.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 50.
  

An examination of how to read a poem and how the poem is made. The course focuses on the evolution of poetic forms: sonnets, villanelles, stanza poems, elegy, and free forms (including free verse and spoken word) will be studied, drawn from a variety of historical, national, and cross-cultural traditions and anti-traditions. Students are introduced to the mechanics of poetry, such as prosody, poetic devices, and ekphrasis. For those who love or fear poetry.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 1106  (c)   Introduction to Drama  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 24.  

Explores the history of drama written in English from its origins in the deep past through to the present day. Studies how plays across space and time have moved spectators to laugh, cry, and gasp. Authors include Samuel Beckett, Tony Kushner, William Shakespeare, and August Wilson. (Same as: THTR 1806)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018.

ENGL 1108  (c)   Introduction to Black Women's Literature  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

Examines the twin themes of love and sex as they relate to poems, stories, novels, and plays written by African American women from the nineteenth century to the contemporary era. Explores such issues as Reconstruction, the Great Migration, motherhood, sexism, group loyalty, racial authenticity, intra- and interracial desire, homosexuality, the intertextual unfolding of a literary tradition of black female writing, and how these writings relate to canonical African American male-authored texts and European American literary traditions. Students are expected to read texts closely, critically, and appreciatively. Possible authors: Harriet Jacobs, Frances Harper, Nella Larsen, Jessie Faucet, Ann Petry, Ntozake Shange, Suzan-Lori Parks, Alice Walker, Toni Morrison, Gayle Jones, Jamaica Kincaid, Terry McMillan, Sapphire, Lizzette Carter. (Same as: AFRS 1108, GSWS 1104)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 1109  (c)   Introduction to Narrative  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

Explores some of the many ways that narrative allows literature to instruct and delight. Why do we need stories to make sense of our lives? How have the ways we tell stories about ourselves changed over the course of the last two centuries? Surveying a range of short stories and novels, considers how formal elements such as theme, plot, perspective, style, and genre shape our understanding of a text. Authors include Edgar Allan Poe, Herman Melville, Ernest Hemingway, Alice Munro, Jorge Luis Borges, David Foster Wallace, and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 1110  (c)   English Literature and Social Power  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

Considers how works of literature encode or resist modes of social power, reinforce or subvert the mapping of urban space, articulate or undermine strategies of cultural entitlement, create or contest narrative solutions to urban conflict, and absorb these conflicts into the workings of individual consciousness. Examines the relationship between ideology and literary form, placing both in the context of transformations in English culture from the early seventeenth through the early twentieth centuries. Discusses writings by Jonson, Defoe, Pope, Wordsworth, Austen, Dickens, and Woolf alongside critical and interpretive essays.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 1116  (c, VPA)   Of Comics and Culture  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

An introduction to comics, graphic narratives, and sequential art. Explores elements of the history of the comics -- especially in a United States cultural context -- while examining the formal dimensions of this hybrid art. Considers the cultural functions of this work in theoretical terms, as well as the sociology of its reception. Examines comics as personal narrative, social criticism, political commentary, fantasy, and science fiction, among other modes. Special focus on the functions of humor, irony, pathos, and outrage, as deployed in historical and contemporary comic forms.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 1117  (c)   Introduction to Environmental Literature  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

Introduces students to literature that features the relationship of humans with their “natural” environment. Asks how our relationship to the environment has changed over the last three centuries and considers how those changes are represented and resisted by literary texts, such as novels, nonfiction essays, poems, and film. Key topics include naturalism, place-based writing, farming and agrarianism, wilderness, and literatures of environmental justice. Devotes significant attention to examining the cultural heritage we bring to bear on our encounters with nature and the ways literature offers opportunities to rethink the major paradigms of environmental thought. Authors may include Henry David Thoreau, Aldo Leopold, Willa Cather, Helena María Viramontes, Leslie Marmon Silko, and Octavia Butler. Not open to students with credit for English 2552/Environmental Studies 2452 (Placing Modernity). (Same as: ENVS 1117)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 1118  (c)   Introduction to Media Studies  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

What does it mean when we say that we live in the age of media? First, we will examine some of the classical theoretical texts that define the study of media and look at new forms of modern mass media that emerged in the twentieth century, such as radio and television. Later, we will look more closely at our contemporary world of computerized media and information technology, including software and social media. Throughout the course, we will examine the factors that influence media as well as the ways in which media influences society and individuals. Texts include films by Jordan Peele, Ryan Coogler, Allan J. Pakula, Sidney Lumet, and Billy Wilder, students’ students’ own social media practices, and theoretical texts by Marshall McLuhan, Friedrich Kittler, and Alexander R. Galloway. (Same as: CINE 1118)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021.

ENGL 1200  (c)   The Personal (Essay) is Political  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

Takes Carol Hanisch’s canonical 1970 essay “The Personal is Political” as inspiration to consider how memoir has been, and still might be, used to illuminate broader societal inequities and galvanize social change. Asks how writers shape personal political narratives to transcend testimony and become art, and how political and social justice opinion writing can effectively incorporate personal narrative. Focuses on contemporary writers, such as Ta-Neshi Coates, Kaitlyn Greenidge, bell hooks, Kiese Laymon, Meredith Talusan, Megan Stielstra, Michelle Tea, Wesley Yang, and others. Students will read and discuss published works in a variety of styles and on a diversity of topics to gain an understanding of form and technique. They will use these techniques to write both op-eds and longer personal political essays. All are expected to fully participate in weekly workshop discussions. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020.

ENGL 1225  (c)   Introduction to Poetry Writing Workshop  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

Intensive study of the writing of poetry through the workshop method. Students expected to write in free verse and in form, and to read deeply from an assigned list of poets. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1228  (c)   Introductory Fiction Workshop  

Zahir Janmohamed.
Every Semester. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 12.
  

Introduces the beginning fiction writer to the craft of fiction writing, with an emphasis on the literary short story. Studies a wide range of published stories as well as examines student work. Critical writings on craft introduce students to technical aspects of the form: character, dialogue, setting, point of view, scene, summary, etc. Exercises and short assignment lead to longer works. All are expected to read, comment on, and discuss in depth each story that passes through the workshop, as well as to complete a major revision. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Fall 2020, Spring 2020, Fall 2019, Spring 2019, Fall 2018, Spring 2018, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1240  (c)   The Art of the Essay  

Jane Brox.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 12.
  

An introduction to creative nonfiction writing through an examination of traditional and experimental forms of the essay, including narrative, lyric, and persuasive. Students will read and discuss a range of published works to gain an understanding of the form and its techniques -- voice, tone, structure, pacing -- and will write and revise a series of essays. All are expected to fully participate in weekly workshop discussions. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020, Fall 2018, Fall 2017.

ENGL 1241  (c)   The Art of Creative Research  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

A creative nonfiction course that regards research as inspiration for the imagination. Teaches archival research, while also expanding the definition of the archive. Addresses the creation of a research plan, methods of organizing research, and fact-checking, as well as the use of imagined scenes and speculation in nonfiction, hybrid and meta-narratives, and other forms of factual invention. Students read a wide range of published work, including that by D’Agata, Biss, Fremont, Skloot and others, as well as studying podcasts and other media. Students are expected to participate fully in workshop discussions and write short essays leading to a longer final project. While students are expected to write nonfiction for all assignments, the course is intended to be useful to the fiction writer as well in the tools it covers. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2019.

ENGL 1301  (c)   Black Women's Lives as the History of Africana Studies: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

In conjunction with the fiftieth anniversary of Africana studies at Bowdoin, this yearlong, two-part course will address debates and issues of Africana studies through the lives of black women. In Part I, students will focus on early Africana studies texts, reading works by and about Phillis Wheatley, Sojourner Truth, Frances Harper, Ida B. Wells, and Anna Julia Cooper. We will take up differences and continuities between these thinkers to understand the politics of respectability, work, representation, sexuality, and family across multiple historical contexts. (Same as: AFRS 1109, GSWS 1301)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 1302  (c)   Black Women's Lives as the History of Africana Studies: Twentieth and Twenty-first Century  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 50.  

In conjunction with the fiftieth anniversary of Africana studies at Bowdoin, this course will address debates and issues of Africana studies through the lives of black women. Students will focus on the twentieth and twenty-first centuries reading works by and about Zora Neale Hurston, Pauli Murray, Nina Simone, Josephine Baker, Angela Davis, and Condoleezza Rice. We will take up differences and continuities between these thinkers to understand the politics of respectability, work, representation, sexuality, and family across multiple historical contexts. Though this course continues the themes of AFRS 1109, students need not take Part I to take Part II. (Same as: AFRS 1111, GSWS 1205)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2000  (c)   Contemporary Literature  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. Examines "the contemporary" as both our current historical moment in the twenty-first century and an experience of coming to grips with the present. Questions how writers conceive of the now, and how their representations of the present can help in understanding emergent phenomena such as drone warfare, climate crisis, Black Lives Matter, and the function of art in the current century. To help assess what, if anything, might be new about contemporary life and literature, explores various critical and theoretical approaches to the present. Focuses on twenty-first-century American texts including poetry, prose, and a significant body of cross-genre works. Authors may include Margaret Atwood, Junot Diaz, Renee Gladman, Ben Lerner, Dawn Lundy Martin, Maggie Nelson, and Claudia Rankine.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2019, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2003  (c)   Trolls, Frogs, and Princesses: Fairy Tales and Retellings  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate seminar. Explores the resiliency of fairy tales across cultural boundaries and historical time. Traces the genealogical origins of the classic tales, as well as their metamorphoses in historical and contemporary variants, fractured tales, and adaptations in literature and film. Engages a spectrum of related texts in literary and cultural theory and criticism.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 2004  (c)   White Negroes  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate seminar. Close readings of literary and filmic texts that interrogate widespread beliefs in the fixity of racial categories and the broad assumptions these beliefs often engender. Investigates “whiteness” and “blackness” as unstable and fractured ideological constructs. These are constructs that, while socially and historically produced, are no less “real” in their tangible effects, whether internal or external. Includes works by Charles Chesnutt, Nella Larsen, Norman Mailer, Jack Kerouac, John Howard Griffin, Andrea Lee, Sandra Bernhard, and Warren Beatty. (Same as: AFRS 2654, GSWS 2257)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 2005  (c, IP)   Asian Diaspora Literature of World War II  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. Focuses on World War II as a global moment when modernity’s two sides, its dreams and nightmares, collided. Emphasis on contemporary Asian diaspora Anglophone fiction that probes the exclusions and failures of nation and empire—foundational categories of modernity—from both Western and Asian perspectives. On the one hand, World War II marks prominently the plurality of modernities in our world: as certain nations and imperial powers entered into their twilight years, others were just emerging. At the same time, World War II reveals how such grand projects of modernity as national consolidation, ethnic unification, and imperial expansion have led to consequences that include colonialism, internment camps, the atom bomb, sexual slavery, genocide, and the widespread displacement of peoples that inaugurates diasporas. Diaspora literature thus constitutes one significant focal point where modernity may be critically interrogated. (Same as: ASNS 2802)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 2006  (c)   Getting Real : The Development of Literary Realism  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate seminar.Examines the development of literary realism and brings it forward to consider current issues regarding authenticity and representational veracity. Extends beyond English letters to do so (US and UK), moving to works on the continent; and beyond the page to film, television, and the visual arts. In conjunction with the primary texts, studies the changing concept of realism through the theoretical debates that have surrounded the shifts, including the modernist critique of the real, the challenge to postmodernism, the demand for aesthetic and journalistic accountability, the contest between realism and satire. Intended to provide a focused entrée into the major and the discipline of literary study. Authors include Gustav Flaubert, Lorraine Hansberry, Philip Roth, Susan Sontag, Frederick Wiseman, Gordon Parks, Ava DuVernay, Larry David, Stephen Colbert, Bruno Latour, and Jacques Derrida.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 2010  (c)   The Rise of the Novel  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. While prose fiction pre-dates the eighteenth century, it is during this century that both writers and readers begin to construct the idea of the novel as we know it. Uses a variety of eighteenth-century novels to explore the evolution of what we call the novel, and also explores various critical and theoretical approaches to the genre. Readings include Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe” and “Roxana,” Samuel Richardson’s “Pamela,” Ann Radcliffe’s “The Romance of the Forest,” Mary Wollstonecraft’s “The Wrongs of Woman,” and Jane Austen’s “Sense and Sensibility,” as well as a wide range of critical and theoretical essays. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 2011  (c)   Science and Art of the Sex Photograph  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate seminar. Explores the way in which late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century scientific uses of the photograph (e.g., by scientism, eugenics) to configure sexuality and gender were adjusted by modern visual arts and literary photographs. We will consider a variety of early scientific studies, contemporary theories of sexuality and biopolitics (Foucault), and of photography (Benjamin, Barthes, Sontag ); photographs by Man Ray, Claude Cahun, Gordon Parks (with Ralph Ellison), Catherine Opie; film by Michelangelo Antonioni (“Blow-up”); prose works by Virginia Woolf, W.G. Sebald, Claudia Rankine. (Same as: GSWS 2602)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020.

ENGL 2012  (c)   Chaucer  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate seminar. Introduces students to the major works of Geoffrey Chaucer, the father of English literature, focusing on his masterpiece, “The Canterbury Tales.” Explores Chaucer's work in the context of his sources from Plato to Dante as well as his lasting influence on later literature, cinema, and culture. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2013  (c)   African American Writers and Autobiography  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. The struggle against anti-black racism has often required that individual African Americans serve as representative figures of the race. How have twentieth- and twenty-first-century black authors tackled the challenge of having to speak for the collective while also writing narratives that explore the singularity of an individual life? What textual approaches have these authors employed to negotiate this tension between what theorists of the genre broadly call referentiality and subjectivity? Authors include W. E. B. Du Bois, Zora Neale Hurston, Malcolm X, Jamaica Kincaid, Maya Angelou, Samuel Delaney, Barack Obama, among others. Note: Fulfills the literature of the Americas requirement for English majors. (Same as: AFRS 2652)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2014  (c)   Romantic Sexualities  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate seminar. Investigates constructions of sexuality in English romantic writing, especially tales of seduction by supernatural or demonic figures; the sexualized world of the Gothic; the Byronic hero; lyrical depictions of incest; the yearning for an eroticized muse or goddess; and same-sex desire in travel writing, diaries, and realist fiction. Discusses the place of such writing in the history of normative and non-normative sexual identities, repression, the unconscious, and the sublime. Authors may include Burke, Lewis, Mary Shelley, Byron, Wollstonecraft, Lister, Austen, Coleridge, and Keats, with further readings in queer theory and the history of sexuality. (Same as: GSWS 2660)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2019.

ENGL 2015  (c)   Representing Race in the English Renaissance  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. How does “race” signify in the English Renaissance, a period that witnessed the emergence of the Atlantic slave trade, intensified urbanization in European capital cities, and the development of new global trade route? Explores a range of literary strategies Renaissance authors use to represent ethnic, religious, and cultural otherness. Considers how literary and dramatic works might critique, justify, and reproduce racial ideologies. Texts include sonnets by Sidney and Shakespeare; plays by Marlowe, Shakespeare, and Middleton; masques by Ben Jonson; poetry by John Donne and William Herbert; and the first English “novel,” Aphra Behn’s “Oroonoko.” Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors. (Same as: AFRS 2205)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2016  (c)   Southern Literature after Faulkner  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. “The past is not dead. It’s not even past.” William Faulkner. An examination of southern literature of the later twentieth and early twenty-first centuries questioning the authenticity and access, resistance and romance, regional identity, and the multiple Souths. Ponders the role fiction plays in reflecting and shaping southern identities. Explores ways the South is a distinct place from which and about which to write. Asks if southern literature is haunted by its past, how it reckons with its future. Writers may include Dorothy Allison, Percival Everett, Bobbie Anne Mason, Cormac McCarthy, Carson McCullers, Flannery O’Conner, Walker Percy, George Singleton, and Jesmyn Ward. Includes literary analysis and research-driven writing.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 2017  (c)   Beowulf  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. Surveys the earliest literature written in the British Isles, the surrounding seas, and the wider world: the sagas of the Vikings, the songs of the Christians, and the chronicles of Muslim ambassadors from Baghdad. Focuses in particular on the earliest poetry written in the English language. Culminates in the study of Beowulf, the greatest poem of this period. Texts include: Beowulf, The Saga of King Hrolf Kraki, and The Book of Ahmad Ibn Fadlān. Note: This class fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2019.

ENGL 2018  (c)   Odd Jobs: Work in Victorian Literature and Culture  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. Explores both fictional and nonfictional representations of labor in the Victorian period. Of central concern will be the intersections and differences between journalistic and literary depictions of manual labor; the ways in which different novelistic genres (realism, children's literature, the gothic) depict work in distinct ways; and the varying representations of working class and middle-class modes of working. Authors may include Dickens, Gaskell, Hardy, Kingsley, Marx, and Mayhew. As an intermediate seminar, this course offers the opportunity for more intensive work in literary analysis and deeper focus on methodological skills required for advanced research in the major.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2019.

ENGL 2020  (c)   Modern American Poetry  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar: Approaches twentieth- to twenty-first-century American poetry as a mode of thought and form of critique in dialogue with modernity’s social and technological upheavals. Considers poems on the page and in the ear, poets’ roles in society (as prophets, outlaws, recluses, and revolutionaries), and heated debates about what poetry is and why it matters. Serious attention paid to formal intricacies of language and to the contexts—social, political, scientific—in which this language gains significance. Through closely reading poems, students will learn to appreciate and analyze this at times baffling, at times incisive form. Poets include Dunbar, Dickinson, Stevens, Pound, Stein, Hughes, Brooks, O’Hara, Mayer, Notley, Hejinian, and Long Soldier.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2023  (c)   Asian Dystopias  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Intermediate Seminar. Focuses on contemporary dystopian novels by Asian and Asian diaspora writers. Explores the idea that dystopic fiction works not simply by reimagining time and forecasting bleak futures but also by remapping political spaces and redrawing social boundaries. Anarchists and vigilantes, aliens and clones, murderous children and mythic animal deities populate these worlds as writers examine totalitarianism and dissidence, globalization and labor slavery, pandemics and biotechnology, race riots and environmental devastation. (Same as: ASNS 2808)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020.

ENGL 2024  (c)   Embodying the Renaissance  

Aaron Kitch.
Every Other Year. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

The English Renaissance (c. 1500-1650) defined the human body in new ways as a source of knowledge, pleasure, and representation, even as the body remained subject to surveillance, punishment, and torture. This course explores a range of different bodies in prose, drama, and poetry through the critical lenses of race and gender as well as in relation to scientific, religious, and medical knowledge and practices. Topics include anatomical dissection, the humoral body, the cult of virginity, marking the body (i.e., tattoos), and contrasting theories of sexual reproduction. We also attend to newly racialized bodies produced by the nascent slave trade and new efforts of colonial expansion. This writing-intensive intermediate seminar culminates in a self-designed research project on a topic designed by students and informed by additional research. Primary authors include William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Aemilia Lanyer, Katharine Philips, John Donne, and Margaret Cavendish. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for English majors. (Same as: GSWS 2021)

ENGL 2025  (c)   African American Poetry  

Elizabeth Muther.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 16.
  

Intermediate Seminar. African American poetry as counter-memory -- from Wheatley to the present -- with a focus on oral traditions, activist literary discourses, trauma and healing, and productive communities. Special emphasis on the past century: dialect and masking; the Harlem Renaissance; Brown, Brooks, and Hayden at mid-century; the Black Arts Movement; black feminism; and contemporary voices. Note: Fulfills the literature of the Americas requirement for English majors. Beginning with the Class of 2025, this class will fulfill the African American, Asian American, Indigenous, Latinx, multiethnic American, or global literature requirement for English majors. (Same as: AFRS 2025)

ENGL 2104  (c)   King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table  

Emma Maggie Solberg.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

Explores the legends of King Arthur, Merlin, Queen Guinevere, and the knights of the Round Table, progressing from the stories’ origins in medieval myth and romance through to their many Renaissance, Victorian, and modern revivals. Texts include: Geoffrey of Monmouth, “History of the Kings of Britain”; Sir Gawain and “The Green Knight”; Thomas Malory, “The Death of Arthur”; Tennyson, “Idylls of the King”; “Monty Python and the Holy Grail.” Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 2109  (c)   Medieval Women Writers  

Every Other Year. Enrollment limit: 35.  

This course introduces students to the writings of medieval women, cis and trans—queens and princesses, heretics and saints, scientists and philosophers—who lived in the four centuries between the years 1000 and 1400 CE. We will read their autobiographies, manifestos, secret letters, visions of paradise, love poems, and fairy tales. Although this course focuses on women who wrote in the English language, it also explores the wider world in which these women lived and traveled, from Paris to Timbuktu and Shiraz to Iceland. We will put the medieval texts we read into conversation with the work of contemporary women writers like Michaela Coel, Sally Rooney, and Jia Tolentino. Note: This class fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for the English major. (Same as: GSWS 2109)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021.

ENGL 2200  (c, VPA)   English Renaissance Drama  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores the flourishing of new forms and modes of theater making— including revenge tragedy, domestic tragedy, and city comedy—in the period following the construction of the earliest commercial theaters in London in the 1570s. Situating plays by Shakespeare and his contemporaries in their historical and literary contexts, we examine the political and cultural function of the early modern stage as we analyze a range of plays from in relation to questions of gender, race, and performance history. Students will select, memorize, and perform scenes from the plays, working together in small groups over the course of the semester. Our primary focus is non-Shakespearean drama, including plays by Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson, Thomas Middleton, John Fletcher, and John Webster. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors. (Same as: THTR 2823)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Spring 2019, Fall 2017.

ENGL 2202  (c)   Renaissance Sexualities  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

How do Renaissance authors represent sexual desires and dilemmas? What strategies do authors use to represent, for instance, drives that have not been codified and labeled according to modern epistemologies? Topics include the inarticulacy of homoeroticism and other forms of attachment as they shape Shakespearean comedy, minor epic, and tragicomic romance, with special attention to the poetics of same-sex desire and the erotics of theatrical performance by boy actors on the London stage. Authors include Shakespeare, Thomas Middleton, John Ford, Thomas Crashaw, and Margaret Cavendish, with secondary readings by Eve Sedgwick, Jonathan Goldberg, and Laurie Shannon, among others. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for English majors. (Same as: GSWS 2202)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2203  (c)   Shakespeare and Politics  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 40.  

Considers Shakespeare as a political thinker whose plays both absorb classical political philosophy and respond to pressing political matters of his day (and beyond). This team-taught course encourages open-ended debate and argumentation in order to foster informed and critical conversation between Shakespeare and Plato, Machiavelli, More, and Montaigne, among others. Beginning with philosophical questions about human nature, citizenship, and the rights of kings that appear in Shakespeare’s histories and tragedies, we turn in the second half of the course toward the politics of religion, ethnicity, and gender in the comedies and romances. Note: This class fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors. (Same as: GOV 2245)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 2205  (c)   Shakespeare's Tragedies: Pathos and Politics  

Every Other Year. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores Shakespeare’s tragedies with special attention to their theatrical expansiveness and political importance. Also considers central questions problems of plot and character, as well as foundational issues of race and gender in the plays, which will include Titus Andronicus, Romeo and Juliet, Richard III, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, and King Lear. Some classical accounts of tragedy by Aristotle, Hegel, Nietzsche, and more contemporary authors will guide our conversations. In order to experience as well as study the plays at the heart of the course, we will watch recorded performances from the newly available Globe on Screen database. Students will also have the opportunity to perform scenes from the plays in optional scene study groups. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 2206  (c)   English Renaissance Poetry  

Every Other Year. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores the creative resurgence of poetic verse between the accession of Queen Elizabeth I in 1558 and the beginning of the English Civil War in 1642. Traces the rise and fall of particular genres, including the sonnet and the minor epic, while attending to the political function of much verse written in the period. Also considers significant religious, sexual, and biographical meanings of poems by authors that may include Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare, John Donne, George Herbert, and Aemilia Lanyer. Also considers some early works by John Milton. Note: This class fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for the English major.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021.

ENGL 2207  (c, VPA)   Remaking Shakespeare  

Aaron Kitch; Abigail Killeen.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 20.
  

Bridging the unhelpful divide between critical scholarship and performance studies in studying drama, this co-taught course enables students to “remake” Shakespeare as an author for both page and stage. By integrating techniques of theatrical performance with modes of textual analysis, the course balances critical and performative approaches to produce a thorough and embodied understanding of Shakespeare. In analyzing Shakespearean language with an eye to performance, for example, students will increase their understanding of the plays. Likewise, producing scholarly writing about Shakespeare will enhance the way that students perform his works. Students will produce scene studies as well as a range of writing assignments, including a research essay. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for English majors. (Same as: THTR 2812)

ENGL 2290  (c)   Paradise Lost  

Ann Kibbie.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

A critical study of Milton’s epic poem, “Paradise Lost.” Readings will include other works by Milton that are relevant to our focus on this major work. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019, Fall 2017.

ENGL 2304  (c)   Age of Satire  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores various forms of satire and parody in the prose, poetry, drama, and visual art of the Restoration and the Eighteenth Century, as well as the various attempts to censor or otherwise control satire. Works include Alexander Pope’s “Rape of the Lock,” John Gay’s “Beggars Opera,” Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels,” Henry Fielding’s “Tom Jones,” and the paintings and prints of William Hogarth. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2305  (c)   Imagining London in Eighteenth-Century Literature  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Focuses on journals, plays, poems, and novels in which London itself plays a vital role, including James Boswell’s “London Journal,” Daniel Defoe’s “Moll Flanders,” John Gay’s “Trivia”; or the “Art of Walking the Streets of London,” and Frances Burney’s “Evelina.” In addition to engaging in critical analysis of these literary texts, students learn how to use digital mapping, spatial analysis, and image markup to imagine eighteenth-century London and work collaboratively to create maps charting the movements of real people (such as Boswell) and fictional characters (such as Moll Flanders) within the city. Theaters, coffeehouses, shops, prisons, hospitals, and parks are among the public spaces explored in order to contextualize, enrich, and question the literature. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 2306  (c, VPA)   Taking Liberties with Shakespeare  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Playwrights for the Restoration and eighteenth-century stage set about improving Shakespeare, correcting what they saw as flaws in the original plays. “King Lear” received a happy ending. “The Tempest's” Caliban got a wife. “The Merchant of Venice” became “The Jew of Venice.” Compares the Shakespearean originals to the altered versions in order to explore questions of artistic license, revision, and changing notions of comedy and tragedy. Discusses how larger changes in the theater itself, including the use of women actors, transform the Shakespearean scene. Note: This class fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors. (Same as: THTR 2813)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 2350  (c)   Radicals, Feminists, Poets, Monsters, circa 1800  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Examines the rise of and reactions to radical literature in the wake of the French Revolution. Focuses on such topics as extravagant lyricism, anarchism, non-violent revolution, and the critique of marriage, family, male privilege, and patriarchal religious belief, as well as the defense of tradition and the depiction of revolution as monstrosity. Discusses radical rewritings of classical myth, the uses of fiction for political critique, and the intersections between sharp historical change and the emergence of the Gothic. Authors may include Burke, Blake, Wollstonecraft, Godwin, Percy Shelley, and Mary Shelley. (Same as: GSWS 2242)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018.

ENGL 2352  (c)   Natural Supernaturalism  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Examines the Romantic attempt to blend aspects of the transcendental – such as the sublime, immortality, and divinity – with ordinary life, the forms of nature, and the resources of human consciousness. Discusses theories of the sublime, poetry of the English landscape, mountaintop experiences, tales of transfiguration, and evocations of intimacy with nature. Explores the difficulties of representing the transcendental in secular poetry and the consequences of natural supernaturalism for our own understanding of nature. Authors include Burke, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Kant, and Shelley. (Same as: ENVS 2438)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2405  (c)   Victorian Plots  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Focusing primarily on the novel, examines Victorian narrative form. Considers whether there are certain types of plots that are peculiar to the period; the ways in which characters develop (or not) as stories unravel; and how literary elements such as description, dialogue, and setting emerge in Victorian texts. Along the way, analyzes the economic, social, and cultural factors that determine aspects of the novel. Authors may include Emily Bronte, Wilkie Collins, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Elizabeth Gaskell, and Anthony Trollope.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2426  (c)   The Horror Film in Context  

Aviva Briefel.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

Examines the genre of the horror film in a range of cultural, theoretical, and literary contexts. Considers the ways in which horror films represent violence, fear, and paranoia; their creation of identity categories; their intersection with contemporary politics; and their participation in such major literary and cinematic genres as the gothic, comedy, and family drama. Texts may include works by Craven, Cronenberg, De Palma, Freud, Hitchcock, Kristeva, Kubrick, Poe, Romero, and Shelley. Note: Fulfills the film theory requirement for Cinema Studies minors. (Same as: CINE 2426, GSWS 2426)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019, Fall 2017.

ENGL 2428  (c, VPA)   Introduction to Film Theory  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

A survey of some of the major currents in film theory from the early days of motion pictures to the present, including formalism, genre theory, auteur theory, psychoanalytic theory, feminist theory, and queer theory. Includes mandatory evening film screenings; a choice of two screening times available for each film. Note: Fulfills the film theory requirement for cinema studies minors.. (Same as: CINE 2428)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2451  (c)   Modernism/Modernity  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Examines the cruxes of the “modern,” and the term’s shift into a conceptual category rather than a temporal designation. Although not confined to a particular national or generic rubric, takes British and transatlantic works as a focus and includes fiction, poetry and visual art. Organized by movements or critical formations of the modern, i.e., modernisms, psychoanalysis, postmodernism, cultural critique, transnationalism. Readings of critical literature in conjunction with primary texts. Authors/directors/artists may include T. S. Eliot, James Joyce, Langston Hughes, Virginia Woolf, Katherine Mansfield, Zadie Smith, J. M. Coetzee, Roberto Bolaño, Man Ray, Stanley Kubrick. (Same as: GSWS 2247)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018.

ENGL 2453  (c)   "A Kind of Scar": The Irish Story in Poetry and Prose  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Eavan Boland, one of Ireland’s great modern poets, died very suddenly on April 27, 2020. She taught at Bowdoin in the spring of 1988, and she received an honorary degree from Bowdoin in 2004. The course she taught was The Poetry of W. B. Yeats. She had a transformative impact on Irish writing, as feminist, as critic, as poet. In this iteration of the course, we will consider the storied ideas about Ireland through the lens of Boland’s vision of Irish history and writing. The course will focus on poetry, though not exclusively, and on Boland’s poetics, her influences, her icons, her re-creations of Irish history and outside history (“the Troubles,” the Celtic Tiger, immigration). Boland’s reach is global, and we will look at her Irish ancestors and contemporaries, such W. B. Yeats, Seamus Heaney, and Paula Meehan; her idols, including Emily Dickinson, Adrienne Rich, Sylvia Plath, Robert Hayden, Louise Glück (Nobel Prize for literature, 2020), Carol Ann Duffy (Poet Laureate of UK 2009–2019), Russian poet Anna Akhmatova, German-Jewish poet Nelly Sachs, and Iranian poet and film director Forough Farrokhzad (Same as: GSWS 2453)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021.

ENGL 2457  (c, VPA)   Modern Drama in Theory and Practice  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 25.  

Chekhov, Ibsen, Brecht, and Beckett are undoubtedly the most influential playwrights of the twentieth century. As both scholarly and performance texts, their plays have long presented challenges to scholars and theater artists alike. Yet they rarely work together to benefit from the insights each approach can offer. Several plays by each, including “A Doll's House,” are co-presented. “The Seagull,” “The Good Person of Sezuan,” “Waiting for Godot,” and a few plays by more recent playwrights that one might call legacies of these foundational works (e.g., Caryl Churchill, Suzan-Lori Parks, Martin McDonagh) are considered. Plays are critically read and some are performed. (Same as: THTR 2410)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 2505  (c)   American Literature to 1865  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Surveys American literature from the colonial period to the Civil War. Studies accounts of early contact, narratives of captivity and slavery, sermons, autobiographies, poems, and novels. Authors include Winthrop, Rowlandson, Franklin, Douglass, Hawthorne, Melville, Stowe, Thoreau, Whitman, and Dickinson. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018.

ENGL 2506  (c)   American Literature II: 1865 - 1920  

Every Other Spring. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Continues the themes and issues introduced in American Literature I into the latter part of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In particular, examines the aftermath of the Civil War and slavery, both its material devastation as well as the technological and literary innovation it generated that helped the country prosper for the next five decades. Examines the development of various literary movements including, realism, naturalism, and African American literature through readings of works by William Dean Howells, Henry James, Edith Wharton, W.E.B. DuBois, Charles Chesnutt, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Booker T. Washington, Stephen Crane, Sarah Orne Jewett, Mark Twain, Ida B. Wells, Frank Norris, Pauline Hopkins, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. (Same as: AFRS 2506)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2019.

ENGL 2548  (c)   American Wilderness  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Examines changing American attitudes towards the environment through the specific lens of wilderness literature from first encounters with the American wilderness by European colonialists to the current period, which some scientists call the sixth mass extinction. Topics include the mastery of nature; myths of natural plenitude and natural scarcity; the relationship of wilderness to nature and civilization; race, gender, and wilderness; and the end of nature. Devotes attention to queer, feminist, and of color interventions, from the outright rejection of wilderness to the cultivation of alternative wilderness traditions such as feminist/queer pastoral and African American georgic. Texts may include literary works by Mary Rowlandson, Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Frederick Douglass, T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, Jean Toomer, Gary Snyder, and Octavia Butler, as well as visual/multimedia works by Jacob Riis, Ang Lee, Werner Herzog, and Maya Lin. (Same as: ENVS 2548, GSWS 2548)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2550  (c)   Modern and Contemporary American Literature  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Survey of twentieth and early twenty-first-century American literature. Readings include novels, short stories, poems, and plays. Explores the relationship between literary form and the changes brought on by the epochal events of modernity. Pays special attention to how America is imagined and reimagined as a geographical space, a community, and a set of purposes. Topics include immigration, changing race relations, war, issues of gender and sexuality, and new technologies. Authors may include Willa Cather, Ernest Hemingway, Tennessee Williams, James Baldwin, and Claudia Rankine.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 2551  (c)   American Literature since 1945: Beats, Cyborgs, Primitives  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

An exploration of how American authors responded to the rise of totalitarianism, corporate bureaucracy, consumer culture, and the emergence of new technologies of automation and war that were seen to threaten the individual in the mid-twentieth century. Traces the emergence of new literary practices associated with postmodernism as efforts to represent and critique these trends, and examines key figures—the Beat poet, the cyborg, and the primitive—as flashpoints in cultural debates about what constitutes the human. Key topics include the aesthetics of spontaneity, the status of art in a time of consumerism, the influence of mass media on the feel of everyday life, and art's at times contentious, at times inspired relationship with technology. Texts may include novels, poems, and readings by Hannah Arendt, Flannery O’Connor, Vladimir Nabokov, Theodor Adorno, Norbert Wiener, Charles Olson, Jack Kerouac, Diane Di Prima, PK Dick, and Amiri Baraka.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Spring 2019.

ENGL 2552  (c)   Placing Modernity  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

From Thoreau’s cabin at Walden Pond to Annie Dillard’s life at Tinker Creek, American literature has situated questions of national identity and environmental ethics in relation to an individual’s intimacy with place. Focusing primarily on twentieth- and twenty-first--century literature, examines how experiences of human and non-human displacement at the heart of modernity reflect on the tradition of place-based writing. Explores how exile, migration, and other modes of dislocation impact literary representations of place, and how literature can make sensible the unequal distribution of environmental waste. Significant emphasis placed on environmental justice perspectives and the experience of dislocated peoples. Authors may include Gloria Anzaldúa, Rachel Carson, Teju Cole, Leslie Marmon Silko, and WC Williams. (Same as: ENVS 2452)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 2553  (c)   Modern and Contemporary American Poetry  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Introduces students to major themes, genres, and innovations of modern and contemporary American poetry. By focusing on a small selection of poems by a wide range of poets, the course foregrounds the sprawling, heterogeneous landscape of American poetry. Along the way, we will attend to prominent themes, trends, and heated disputes that surface between poets as they debate what poetry is and why it matters. Key movements include Modernism, Imagism, Harlem Renaissance, Black Mountain, Black Arts, New York School, and others. Poets may include T.S. Eliot, Wallace Stevens, Marianne Moore, Langston Hughes, Gwendolyn Brooks, John Ashbery, Robert Creeley, Adrienne Rich, Larry Eigner, and Alice Notley.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 2554  (c)   Classic Twentieth-Century LGBT Cultural Texts  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Analyzes some of the most enduring, and in some cases infamous, lesbigay and transgendered cultural texts of the twentieth century. Whether authored by avowed LGBT authors of by non-LGBT cultural producers, such works reflect some of the specific challenges that U.S. and European writers and others have continued to face in depicting portrayals of same-sex identities and desires that seek to reject totalizing narratives of pathology and criminalization. Possible texts include: The Well of Loneliness, Death in Venice, Giovanni's Room, The Boys in the Band, The Front Runner, Stone Butch Blues, Hitchcock's Rope, The Children's Hour, Will and Grace, and Six Feet Under. (Same as: GSWS 2554)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2555  (c)   Fictions of Finance  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

The world of economics and the world of literature have for centuries shared a vocabulary. Words such as speculation, value, interest, and depression have both financial and cultural connotations. In this course, we will examine this connection as it develops across the 20th- and 21st -century American fiction. How do the stories we tell and the ways we tell them evolve with shifts in the marketplace? How does culture influence the economy? How have authors and filmmakers dealt with huge economic events such as the financial crisis of 2007? In considering the social ramifications of the world of finance, the course will also draw on a variety of theoretical texts ranging from political economy to cultural studies. Authors and filmmakers include Edith Wharton, W. E. B. Du Bois, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ursula K. Le Guin, Don DeLillo, Marlon James, Ben Lerner and Martin Scorsese.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020.

ENGL 2582  (c)   Reading "Uncle Tom's Cabin"  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Introduces students to the controversial history of reader responses to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s 1852 antislavery novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Students engage with various theoretical approaches—reader response theory, feminist, African Americanist, and historicist—to the novel, then turn to the novel itself and produce their own literary interpretation. In order to do so, students examine the conditions of the novel’s original production. By visiting various historic locations, the Stowe House on Federal Street, the First Parish on Maine Street, Special Collections of the Hawthorne-Longfellow Library, students compare the novel’s original historical context to the history that the novel produced. Aside from reading Stowe’s antislavery fiction, students also read works produced with and against Uncle Tom’s Cabin. (Same as: AFRS 2582)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020, Fall 2018, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2603  (c)   African American Fiction: Humor and Resistance  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores rich traditions of African American humor in fiction, comics, graphic narratives, and film. Considers strategies of cultural survival and liberation, as well as folkloric sources, trickster storytellers, comic double-voicing, and the lampooning of racial ideologies. Close attention paid to modes of burlesque, satirical deformation, caricature, tragicomedy, and parody in historical and contemporary contexts, including such writers and performers as Charles Chesnutt, Bert Williams, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Pryor, Ishmael Reed, Aaron McGruder, Dave Chappelle, and Suzan-Lori Parks. (Same as: AFRS 2603)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2604  (c, VPA)   African American Literature and Visual Culture  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores creative collaborations and cross currents in African American literary and visual arts over the past century. Considers the problems of minstrelsy, masking, and caricature -- as well as instruments of militant image-making in both literary and visual forms. Topics of special interest include uplift and documentary photography; modernist resistance languages of the Harlem Renaissance; shadows, silhouettes, and invisibility; comic strips and graphic narratives; and contemporary images -- prints, texts, and illustrations -- that introduce alternative socio-political allegories. The course will engage with works held in the Bowdoin College Museum of Art and in Special Collections and Archives. (Same as: AFRS 2604)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021.

ENGL 2650  (c)   African American Fiction: (Re) Writing Black Masculinities  

Guy Mark Foster.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

In 1845, Frederick Douglass told his white readers: “You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man.” This simple statement effectively describes the enduring paradox of African American male identity: although black and white males share a genital sameness, until the nation elected its first African American president the former has inhabited a culturally subjugated gender identity in a society premised on both white supremacy and patriarchy. But Douglass’s statement also suggests that black maleness is a discursive construction, i.e. that it changes over time. If this is so, how does it change? What are the modes of its production and how have black men over time operated as agents in reshaping their own masculinities? Reading a range of literary and cultural texts, both past and present, students examine the myriad ramifications of, and creative responses to, this ongoing challenge. Beginning with the Class of 2025, this class will fulfill the African American, Asian American, Indigenous, Latinx, multiethnic American, or global literature requirement for English majors. (Same as: AFRS 2650, GSWS 2260)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 2651  (c)   Queer Race  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

How does the concept of queerness signify in cultural texts that are ostensibly about the struggle for racial equality? And vice versa, how does the concept of racialization signify in cultural texts that are ostensibly about the struggle for LGBT recognition and justice? While some of this work tends to reduce queer to traditional sexual minorities like lesbigay and trans folk while downplaying racial considerations, others tend to limit the category race to people of color like blacks while downplaying questions about sexuality. Such critical and creative gestures often place queer and race in opposition rather than as intersecting phenomena. Students examine the theoretical and cultural assumptions of such gestures, and their implications, through close readings of selected works in both the LGBT and African American literary traditions. (Same as: AFRS 2651, GSWS 2651)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 2653  (c)   Interracial Narratives  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Violence and interracial sex have long been conjoined in U.S. literary, televisual, and filmic work. The enduring nature of this conjoining suggests there is some symbolic logic at work in these narratives, such that black/white intimacy functions as a figural stand-in for negative (and sometimes positive) commentary on black/white social conflict. When this happens, what becomes of “sex” as a historically changing phenomenon when it is yoked to the historically unchanging phenomenon of the “interracial”? Although counter-narratives have recently emerged to compete with such symbolic portrayals, i.e. romance novels, popular films and television shows, not all of these works have displaced this earlier figural logic; in some cases, this logic has merely been updated. Explores the broader cultural implications of both types of narratives. Possible authors/texts: Richard Wright, Chester Himes, Ann Petry, Lillian Smith, Jack Kerouac, Frantz Fanon, Kara Walker, Amiri Baraka, Alice Walker, Octavia Butler, John R. Gordon, Kim McLarin, Monster’s Ball, Far From Heaven, and Sex and the City. (Same as: AFRS 2653, GSWS 2283)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 2654  (c)   Staging Blackness  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Examines the history and contributions of African Americans to United States theater from the early blackface minstrel tradition, to the revolutionary theater of the Black Arts writers, to more recent postmodernist stage spectacles. Among other concerns, such works often dramatize the efforts of African Americans to negotiate ongoing tensions between individual needs and group demands that result from historically changing forms of racial marginalization. A particular goal is to highlight what Kimberly Benston has termed the expressive agency with which black writers and performers have imbued their theatrical presentations. Potential authors include Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Lorraine Hansberry, Amiri Baraka, Ron Milner, Adrienne Kennedy, Ntozake Shange, George C. Wolfe, Anna Deavere Smith, Afro Pomo Homos, and August Wilson. (Same as: AFRS 2630, THTR 2854)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 2700  (c, IP)   The Animal and the Human  

Hilary Thompson.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

Considers the changing philosophical and political significance of representations of the animal and of human/animal interactions in modern and contemporary literature. Focuses on global fiction and investigates the role of the animal in the theories and philosophies of biopolitics, shamanism, and animism. Beginning with the Class of 2025, this class will fulfill the African American, Asian American, Indigenous, Latinx, multiethnic American, or global literature requirement for English majors.

ENGL 2705  (c, IP)   Fictions of Global English  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores modern and contemporary literature from around the world, considering modes of writing that have developed with the global spread of the English language and other languages’ collision with English. Attention given to vernacular writing and the embrace of so-called non-standard, weird, or rotten English. Examines ways writers have engaged with the history of colonialism and the forces of globalization as well as their attempts to forge a new cosmopolitan literature.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 2706  (c, IP)   Novels Across Nations  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Modern and contemporary fiction that engages the global by having characters who cross borders or inhabit more than one national category; having stories that make readers question the homogeneity and cohesiveness of the traditional nation-state; or having readerships located beyond the settings of their narratives. Writers from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and the Middle East may be considered, as well as issues of anti-colonialism, globalization, warfare, migration, and diaspora. Possible authors read include Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Amitav Ghosh, Helon Habila, Mohsin Hamid, Kazuo Ishiguro, Randa Jarrar, Andrea Levy, Dinaw Mengestu, Chinelo Okparanta, Yvonne Adhiambo Owuor, Elif Shafak, and Kim Thuy.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 2749  (c, IP)   Global Asian Popular Fiction  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores the ways global Asian women writers have transformed popular genres as well as traditional forms as they address issues of gender identity, migration, political polarization, imperialist expansion, and ecological crisis. Examines how writers from East, South, and Southeast Asian lineages merge the anglophone novel and modern short story with modes spanning Asian and Western literary traditions, including myth, fairy tale, ancient epic, fantasy, romance, ghost tale, martial arts and magical narrative (wuxia and xianxia), and science fiction. Featured authors include Zen Cho, R. F. Kuang, and Tasha Suri, with possible brief works by Amanda Lee Koe, Anjali Sachdeva, Vandana Singh, Nghi Vo, and J. Y. Yang. (Same as: ASNS 2809)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021.

ENGL 2750  (c)   Asian American Literature  

Belinda Kong.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

An introduction to the writings of Asian America and this literature's development from mid-twentieth century to the present. Focuses on the ways Asian American writers have responded to and contested dominant American discourses of Asia/Asians. Also explores the intersections of race with gender, sexuality, class, and country of origin in shifting notions of Asian American identity. Authors include Carlos Bulosan, David Henry Hwang, Maxine Hong Kingston, le thi diem thuy, Chang-rae Lee, and John Okada. Beginning with the Class of 2025, this class will fulfill the African American, Asian American, Indigenous, Latinx, multiethnic American, or global literature requirement for English majors. (Same as: ASNS 2801)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 2752  (c, IP)   Writing China from Afar  

Every Other Fall. Enrollment limit: 35.  

The telling of a nation’s history is often the concern not only of historical writings but also literary ones. Examines contemporary diaspora literature on three shaping moments of twentieth-century China: the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), and the 1989 Tiananmen democracy movement and massacre. Focuses on authors born and raised in China but since dispersed into various Western locales, particularly the United States, England, and France. Critical issues include the role of the Chinese diaspora in the historiography of World War II, particularly the Nanjing Massacre; the functions and hazards of Chinese exilic literature, such as the genre of Cultural Revolution memoirs, in Western markets today; and more generally, the relationship between history, literature, and the cultural politics of diasporic representations of origin. Authors may include Shan Sa, Dai Sijie, Hong Ying, Yan Geling, Zheng Yi, Yiyun Li, Gao Xingjian, Ha Jin, Annie Wang, and Ma Jian. (Same as: ASNS 2050)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 2758  (c)   New Fictions of Asian America  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Examines developments in Asian American literature since 2000 and asks how postmillennial fictions extend earlier writings' core concerns with racial identity and national belonging in the United States. Themes and contexts include globalization and transnationalism, illegal immigration and refugee experience, the post-9/11 security state and surveillance, the expansion of Asian capital, the global financial crisis, digital technology and social media, and climate change. Considers the diverse genres and functions of Asian American literature as not simply ethnic self-writing but also social satire, political critique, historical archaeology, cultural memory, and dystopic science fiction. (Same as: ASNS 2806)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Fall 2020, Fall 2017.

ENGL 2801  (c, VPA)   Of Comics and Culture  

Elizabeth Muther.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

An introduction to comics, graphic narratives, and sequential art. Explores elements of the history of the comics -- especially in a United States cultural context -- while examining the formal dimensions of this hybrid art. Considers the cultural functions of this work in theoretical terms, as well as the sociology of its reception. Examines comics as personal narrative, social criticism, political commentary, fantasy, and science fiction, among other modes. Special focus on the functions of humor, irony, pathos, and outrage, as deployed in historical and contemporary comic forms.

ENGL 2804  (c)   Maine Writers and the Environment  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

Explores the wild and diverse literary territories of the state of Maine -- past and present -- with a focus on coastal narratives and environmental writing. Considers Maine's multi-ethnic folkways, its austere modernisms, remorseless gothic landscapes, natural splendors and antagonisms, coastal rhapsodies and adversities, and contemporary environmental imperatives. Includes poetry, short stories, novels, memoirs, personal narratives, children's literature, nature writing, and environmental advocacy by such writers as Thoreau, Jewett, Robinson, Millay, Beston, Carson, McCloskey, King, Russo, Strout, and Bryan. Taught in residence at the Bowdoin College Schiller Coastal Studies Center. English 2804/Environmental Studies 2804 is a course-module in the Bowdoin Marine Science Semester. Biology 2232 (same as Environmental Studies 2232), Biology 2330 (same as Environmental Studies 2233), and Biology 2501 (same as Environmental Studies 2231) are co-requisites of this course. (Same as: ENVS 2804)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 2805  (c)   Teaching Writing: Theory and Practice  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 18.  

Explores theories and methods of teaching writing, emphasizing collaborative learning, and peer tutoring. Examines relationships between the writing process and the written product, writing and learning, and language and communities. Investigates disciplinary writing conventions, influences of gender and culture on language and learning, and concerns of ESL and learning disabled writers. Students practice and reflect on revising, responding to others writing, and conducting conferences. Prepares students to serve as writing assistants for the Writing Project. This course does not count toward the English major.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2020, Spring 2019.

ENGL 2841  (c)   Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores some of the most important and compelling aspects of literary and cultural theory from the past century. Situates critical movements such as Marxism, psychoanalysis, feminism, structuralism, deconstruction, queer theory, postcolonial theory, critical race theory, and cultural studies in their historical and intellectual context. Includes such authors as Marx, Freud, Benjamin, Barthes, Derrida, Foucault, Lacan, Sedgwick, Butler, and Žižek.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2020, Spring 2019, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2852  (c)   Creative Writing: Poetry II  

Anthony Walton.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 12.
  

Builds upon the method of studying and crafting poetry encountered in English 1225. Students exposed to advanced methods of writing and interpretation, including the in-depth study of one particular poet’s oeuvre and evolution. Students encouraged to develop a more comprehensive view of their own individual poetic practices. Each week students responsible for evaluating the assigned reading and for writing poems. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 2853  (c)   Advanced Fiction Workshop  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 12.  

Presumes a familiarity with the mechanics of fiction and, ideally, previous experience in a fiction workshop. Uses published stories and stories by students to explore questions of voice and tone, structure and plot, how to deepen one’s characters, and how to make stories resonate at a higher level. Students write several stories during the semester and revise at least one. Workshop discussion and critiques are an integral part. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2020, Spring 2019, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2854  (c)   Telling Environmental Stories  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

Intended for students with a demonstrated interest in environmental studies as an introduction to several modes of storytelling, which communicate ideas, historical narratives, personal experiences, and scientific and social issues in this increasingly important area of study and concern. Explores various techniques, challenges, and pleasures of storytelling, and examines some of the demands and responsibilities involved in the conveyance of different types of information with clarity and accuracy in nonfiction narrative. Engages student writing through the workshop method, and includes study of several texts, including “The Control of Nature,” “Cadillac Desert,” “Living Downstream,” and “Field Notes from a Catastrophe.” Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors. (Same as: ENVS 2423)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018.

ENGL 2860  (c)   Character, Plot, Scene, Theme, Dream: The Fundamentals of Screenwriting  

Anthony Walton.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 12.
  

Introduction to the basic practices of writing for the screen, including concepts, techniques, and predictable problems. Students study and analyze films and scripts from the perspective of the screenwriter and complete a writing project of their own. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors. (Same as: CINE 2860)

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2019, Fall 2017.

ENGL 2861  (c)   Advanced Narrative Nonfiction: Writing About the History, Culture, and Politics of Food  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

Students read a wide range of published works about the history, culture, and politics of food— including writings by Henry David Thoreau, M.F.K. Fisher, Edna Lewis, and Michael Pollan—and write and revise substantial narratives that combine personal and researched material. Focuses on the craft of writing, particularly on structure and voice. All students are expected to fully participate in weekly workshop discussions. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2019, Spring 2018.

ENGL 2862  (c)   Longform Nonfiction Writing  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

A creative nonfiction course on the application of fictional techniques to journalistic material in magazine-length pieces. Examines why, in an age of text messages and tweets, longer narrative is experiencing a resurgence. Engages with the history and evolution of literary journalism, while addressing many considerations that face the writer, including choice of subject matter, structure, pacing, dialogue, scene, and style. Students read a wide range of published work, including pieces by Elif Batuman, Katherine Boo, Truman Capote, Ta-Nehisi Coates, Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah, John McPhee, Rachel Monroe, John Jeremiah Sullivan, Guy Talese, and others, and will write in several main subgenres of the field. Full participation in workshop discussions is required. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2019.

ENGL 2863  (c)   The Fractured and The Lyric: Advanced Forms of Creative Nonfiction  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 12.  

Examines the relationship between form and content in contemporary creative nonfiction, and how formal experimentation is used to evoke risky, unconventional, or suppressed narratives, from the traumatic to the ecstatic. Students read a wide range of essays, memoir, and hybrid work that uses lyricism and fragmentation. Authors may include Gloria Anzaldúa, Eula Biss, Jenny Boully, Anne Carson, Jamaica Kincaid, Kiese Laymon, Maggie Nelson, Andrés Neuman, Lia Purpura, Claudia Rankine, and others. Students write and substantially revise their own narratively daring work, with an emphasis on structure and voice. All students are expected to fully participate in weekly workshop discussions. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2864  (c)   The Personal (Essay) is Political  

Zahir Janmohamed.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 12.
  

Takes Carol Hanisch’s canonical 1970 essay “The Personal is Political” as inspiration to consider how memoir has been, and still might be, used to illuminate broader societal inequities and galvanize social change. Asks how writers shape personal political narratives to transcend testimony and become art, and how political and social justice opinion writing can effectively incorporate personal narrative. Focuses on contemporary writers, such as Ta-Nehisi Coates, Kaitlyn Greenidge, bell hooks, Kiese Laymon, Meredith Talusan, Megan Stielstra, Michelle Tea, Wesley Yang, and others. Students will read and discuss published works in a variety of styles and on a diversity of topics to gain an understanding of form and technique. They will use these techniques to write both op-eds and longer personal political essays. All are expected to fully participate in weekly workshop discussions. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors.

ENGL 2865  (c, IP)   Structures of the Short Story  

Reed Johnson.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 18.
  

Explores fundamentals of narrative construction through reading short masterworks of Russian literature alongside a variety of creative writing assignments. What makes a story compelling—or, for that matter, what makes it a story at all? This course focuses on the complex machinery producing what John Gardner called the “vivid and continuous dream” of fiction, moving from what a story means to how it means. Our guides in this process will be the Russian writers who helped innovate and fine-tune the modern short story, from Pushkin to Turgenev to Chekhov, and whose legacies continue to hold sway over the form. In response to readings, students write short creative or analytical assignments on the narrative techniques under study. This course is meant for writers and literature students alike; no previous creative writing experience required. All course materials are in English. Note: Fulfills the creative writing concentration requirement for English majors. (Same as: RUS 2232)

ENGL 2902  (c, VPA)   Performing America: Identities on Stage  

Every Other Year. Enrollment limit: 35.  

What does it mean to act (or dance) like an American? In 1840, French writer Alexis de Tocqueville argued that the characteristics of this young nation, the United States of America, and its people could be studied in its theaters. He based this on a few key observations. Theater is a social event, where people gather in groups to watch other groups of people interact. Theater is also an immediate art, performed live in front of a specific audience. Takes its start from Tocqueville's observations by looking at American performances in drama, dance, and theatrical events as reflections of changing American identities. Looks at indigenous and colonial drama, but a majority of the course focuses on drama, musical theater, and dance of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In particular, looks at the ways in which specific performances defined what it meant to be American, as well how individual artists reshaped theater and dance to represent their own diverse identities. As part of the reading, attends to the variety of identities--racial, ethnic, gendered, classed, and religious--that emerge from and continue to define the diversity of America on stage. (Same as: THTR 2510)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 2903  (c)   A History of Anti-Semitism  

Every Other Year. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Introduces students to a history of anti-Semitism (and its antecedent, anti-Judaism) as discursive operations in the world. Its title reflects the approach to this topic— rather than trace a linear narrative of the history of anti-Semitism, students will investigate particular moments, cases, loci, and flashpoints of anti-Semitism via film, drama, short stories, treatises, dialogues, and scripture. Focusing on a range of forms and contexts, the course analyzes the continuities and discontinuities within the polemical discourses representing Jews and Judaism. The course will consider, for example, Biblical supersessionism; Blood Libel; The Merchant of Venice, Protocols of the Elders of Zion; Christian Zionist anti-Semitism; the Jewish Museum of London’s recent exhibit Jews, Money, Myth; contemporary politics and BDS (boycott, divestment, and sanctions); and the rise of white nationalism. (Same as: REL 2214)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 2905  (DPI)   Queer Theory  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Queer theory began as an activist intellectual movement in the 1990s that examined the lives, art, and politics of non-heterosexual and non-gender conforming persons. With promiscuous origins in psychoanalysis, literary criticism, political philosophy, feminist inquiry and urban sociology, queer theorists used multiple methodologies to imagine alternative practices of community, desire, intimacy, and gender expression. Studies the questions that arise from the experiences of people whose bodies don't fit social norms (gay, lesbian, trans, various abled, polluted, racially stigmatized bodies). Potential topics include: how we communicate our sex lives or gender identity through the use of "public secrets”; the codes of romantic melodrama that frame contemporary dilemmas of civic life; and how activists have mourned slow catastrophes (e.g., AIDS, but also ecocide and colonialism). (Same as: GSWS 2001)

Prerequisites: GSWS 1000 - 2969 or GSWS 3000 or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2020, Spring 2019, Spring 2018.

ENGL 3002  (c)   James Joyce Revolution  

Marilyn Reizbaum.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2021. Enrollment limit: 15.
  

An examination of James Joyce’s signal contributions to modern writing and critical theories. Reading includes the major works (“Dubliners,” “Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man,” “Ulysses”), essays by Joyce, and writings by others who testify to the Joyce mystique, e.g., Oliver St. John Gogarty, T. S. Eliot, Virginia Woolf, Jacques Derrida, Seamus Heaney, Maud Ellmann.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 3011  (c)   African American Film  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Advanced Seminar. Explores a spectrum of films produced since 1950 that engage African American cultural experience. Topics may include black-white buddy movies, the L.A. Rebellion, blaxploitation, the hood genre, cult classics, comedy and cross-dressing, and romance dramas. Of special interest will be the documentary impulse in contemporary African American film; gender, sexuality, and cultural images; the politics of interpretation—writers, filmmakers, critics, and audiences; and the urban context and the economics of alienation. Extensive readings in film and cultural theory and criticism. Note: Fulfills the film theory requirement for Cinema Studies minors. (Same as: AFRS 3011, CINE 3011)

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 or higher or AFRS 1000 or higher or FILM 1000 or higher or CINE 1000 or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020, Fall 2017.

ENGL 3012  (c)   Cosmopolitanism and Creaturely Life  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 15.  

Advanced seminar. An exploration of the ways contemporary planetary consciousness has influenced conceptions of the human and the animal, as well as their supposed difference. Examines, in light of modern and current world literature, new models for both the exemplary world citizen and human species identity. Investigates to what extent, and by what creative means, reconsiderations of humans’ impact on the planet and place in the world are recorded in narratives of other creatures and the perceptual possibilities of their worlds. Texts may include fiction by Kafka, Rilke, Borges, Woolf, Murakami, and Sinha, as well as the philosophies of Uexkull, Heidegger, Derrida, Latour, and Agamben. (Same as: URBS 3012)

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 1049 or ENGL 1100 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018.

ENGL 3022  (c)   The Arts of Science in the English Renaissance  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Advanced Seminar. Examines the convergence of new modes of scientific knowledge and new genres of fiction in the period between 1500 and 1650 when writers such as Philip Sidney, William Shakespeare, and Margaret Cavendish redefined imaginative literature as a tool of scientific inquiry. Topics include utopian technologies, alchemy and sexuality, natural philosophy, and the science of humanism. Authors (in addition to those mentioned above) include Thomas More, Christopher Marlowe, John Donne, and Ben Jonson. Secondary readings feature Francis Bacon, Bruno Latour, Steven Shapin, Bruce Moran, and Elizabeth Spiller, among others. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 1049 or ENGL 1100 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Fall 2017.

ENGL 3024  (c)   Victorian Epics  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Advanced seminar. Examines one of the foremost literary forms of the Victorian period: the long novel. By focusing on a few central texts, investigates the ways in which narrative length shapes stories about wide-ranging issues related to nationalism, science, technology, and empire, as well as allegedly local issues regarding domesticity, familial relations, personal adornment, and romance. Authors may include Charles Dickens, George Eliot, William Thackeray, and Anthony Trollope. (Same as: GSWS 3320)

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 1049 or ENGL 1100 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 3026  (c)   Law and Literature: Eighteenth-Century Case Studies  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Advanced seminar. Drawing on a variety of literary texts (plays, novels, poems, and creative non-fiction), focuses on the intersections between law and literature in the eighteenth century. Topics include aspects of criminal law, family law, property law, copyright, and libel law. Authors may include William Congreve, Daniel Defoe, John Gay, Alexander Pope, Samuel Richardson, Samuel Johnson, and Mary Wollstonecraft. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors..

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

ENGL 3028  (c, IP)   Imagined Asias  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Examines how Asia has been represented by America and Europe and how Asian authors have responded. Draws from a wide archive of literature, theory, film, and mass culture from mid-nineteenth century to the present. Not a survey: focus on case studies that explore historical exemplars of as well as conceptual alternatives to the critical model of orientalism, which regards western depictions of Asia as necessarily reflecting the culture of empire. Issues include US racial discourses of exoticism and the yellow peril; western modernist and postmodern appropriations of “oriental” cultures for self-critiques; and strategies of hybridity, self-orientalism, and occidentalism by Asian and Asian diasporic writers and filmmakers. Possible works by Edward Said, Pierre Loti, Bret Harte, Jack London, Winnifred Eaton, David Henry Hwang, Ezra Pound, Italo Calvino, Roland Barthes, Gayatri Spivak, Rey Chow, J. G. Ballard, Kazuo Ishiguro, Amitav Ghosh, Haruki Murakami, Bei Dao, Shan Sa, Su Tong, Ang Lee, Wong Kar-wai, and Stephen Chow. (Same as: ASNS 3801)

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher or ASNS 1000 - 2969 or ASNS 3000 or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 3030  (c)   Ecopoetics: Poetry and the Environment  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Examines the relationship between poetry and the environment beyond nature poetry. Topics include poets’ search for a “natural” language, the construction of the environmental subject; the persistence of preindustrial modes of life within poetic practices; poetry as a resource for the invention of new environmentalisms; the mastery of the natural world through technology and art; the oft-debated relationship between poetry and activism; and race, gender, sexuality, and ecopoetics. Begins with concepts arising from foundational ecocritical texts, before turning to modern and contemporary American ecopoetry, including works by Emily Dickinson, Wallace Stevens, Elizabeth Bishop, Charles Olson, Lorine Niedecker, Wanda Coleman, Craig Santos Perez, and C.S. Giscombe.

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 3031  (c)   The Ecstasy of Now: Lyrical Extravagance from Romanticism to the 20th Century  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 15.  

Advanced Seminar. Explores practices of unreserved lyricism in the poetic tradition extending from Romanticism through the twentieth century. Examines poetic attempts to capture an intensity of expression beyond what conventional notions of subjectivity, embodiment, temporality, and humanity can sustain. Considers how poems enact the invasion of human experience by more-than-human presences, the effects of absolute emotional expenditure, the evocation of nonverbal song within language, and the erotics of voice, while responding to cultural, historical, and political concerns. Explores poetry by Coleridge, Crane, Dickinson, Keats, Shelley, Stevens, and Yeats alongside critical and theoretical readings by such authors as Bataille, Eliade, Hartman, and Poizat.

Prerequisites: ENGL 2000 - 2969.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

ENGL 3032  (c)   Sir Gawain and the Green Knight  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Advanced seminar. Focuses on “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight,” an anonymous medieval poem that is often described as an exquisitely cut jewel: intricate and dazzling. Explores this mysterious and complex text in its literary and historical context, alongside other myths and legends of King Arthur, his knights of the Round Table, and the monsters, fairies, and goddesses that lurk beyond the borders of Camelot. Note: This class fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 1049 or ENGL 1100 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2020, Fall 2018.

ENGL 3033  (c)   Contemporary Narratives of Slavery  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Examines recent literary and filmic narratives of slavery. Some scholars claim these texts heal readers of psychic pain while also facilitating a deep connection to long departed ancestors. For others, these works only nurture the “ledger of racist slights” that diasporic blacks continue to catalogue to the present day, all the while distracting each of us from cultivating a more hopeful stance with respect to our collective present. This course maps a critical space beyond the binary of either “therapeutic” or “prohibitive” claims to engage questions of racialized experience, feeling, identification, and desire. Authors and texts may include: Birth of a Nation, Octavia Butler, John R. Gordon, Yaa Gyasi, Toni Morrison, and Colson Whitehead. (Same as: AFRS 3033)

Prerequisites: ENGL 1000 - 1049 or ENGL 1100 - 2969 or ENGL 3000 (same as GSWS 3000) or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

ENGL 3034  (c)   Victorian Realism: Dickens and Eliot  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Examines the genre of Victorian realism through major works by Charles Dickens and George Eliot. Among other aspects, we will consider the ways in which each author works to create the "real" in their novels; study the idea of verisimilitude as a literary and ideological concept; and think about narrative form in relation to issues of gender, class, sexuality, and race. Engagement with literary criticism on these works will also be central to our discussions.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2019.

ENGL 3035  (c)   Networks of Literature/Literature of Networks  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

What role has the rise of networks of information had on the way we live our lives? Have technological and social networks changed how texts are written and has literature influenced the way we think of technology? In this course, we will read a broad range of contemporary texts that in different ways make use of networks to answer the question of what networks are and what they do. We will look at both traditional works of literature, including novels and poems, as well as texts written for and on the Internet. Our readings will also include secondary texts about the history of new media, philosophical investigations of networks, and new forms of critical engagement that make use of digital technology. Authors will include Colson Whitehead, Jennifer Egan, Thomas Pynchon, China Miéville, Agha Shahid Ali, Cathy Park Hong, and Teju Cole.

Prerequisites: ENGL 2000 - 2969.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 3036  (c)   The History of the Common Body: The Carnivalesque in Western Culture  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Examines the history within the West of the collective life that becomes most visible during carnivals, festivals, holidays, protests, or the shared activities of a city. Traces attempts to contain this common body through codes of manners and notions of cleanliness or propriety; the survival of collective life in fascination for what is loathed, including the female body, the "mob," the ragged classes, the racial other, filth, and crime; the highly problematic form that festivity takes in episodes of collective violence, public hangings, and lynchings; and the complex affirmations of the common body in literature and culture after 1900. Considers how the carnivalesque undercuts or reaffirms dominant ideas of gender, sexuality, race, and class. Authors and artists may include Euripides, Jonson, Erasmus, Pope, Swift, Wordsworth, Marx, Mayhew, Twain, Stevenson, Freud, Bataille, and Mapplethorpe, alongside readings in Bakhtin, Elias, Stallybrass, Lott, Jacobs, Kipnis, and Adorno. Note: Fulfills the pre-1800 literature requirement for English majors.

Prerequisites: ENGL 2000 - 2969.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2020.

ENGL 3800  (c)   Reconstruction and Realism  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Advanced Seminar. Explores the rise of American literary realism that occurred following the Civil War and its relationship to the social and political events of the South’s Reconstruction. Studies works by the major figures of the movement such as Charles Chesnutt, Paul Laurence Dunbar, William Dean Howells, Henry James, Sarah Orne Jewett, Mark Twain, and Edith Wharton. Students are required to develop original readings of these literary texts that engage the political and social contexts in which they were produced. All students present their research in written and oral form. Fulfills the advanced seminar requirement for African studies and English majors. (Same as: AFRS 3010)

Prerequisites: AFRS 2000 - 2969 or ENGL 2000 - 2969.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2021, Spring 2018.