Bowdoin College Catalogue and Academic Handbook

Earth & Oceanographic Science (EOS)

EOS 1030  (FYS)   Addressing Sea Level Rise  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Sea-level rise is accelerating due to climate change. Such a rise, combined locally with sinking land and/or trapping of coastal sediment, creates dramatic impacts on human lives and property and on coastal ecosystems and the services they provide. Explores the scientific basis for sea-level rise, projections of future impacts, and options for policy responses over decadal and single-event (disaster) time scales. Topics include: identifying the trade-offs between armoring and retreating from the coast; examining whether disasters are natural or human-caused; considering how race and socioeconomic status influence risk and recovery; questioning who controls the planning process; and exploring how science should be communicated in times of hyper-partisanship.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017.

EOS 1105  (a, INS)   Investigating Earth  

Jacky Baughman.
Every Fall. Fall 2019. Enrollment limit: 36.
  

Dynamic processes, such as earthquakes and volcanoes, shape the earth. Class lectures and exercises examine these processes from the framework of plate tectonics. Weekly field laboratories explore rocks exposed along the Maine coast. During the course, students complete a research project on Maine geology.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018, Fall 2017, Fall 2016, Fall 2015.

EOS 1305  (a, INS, MCSR)   Environmental Geology and Hydrology  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 36.  

An introduction to aspects of geology and hydrology that affect the environment and land use. Topics include lakes, watersheds and surface-water quality, groundwater contamination, coastal erosion, and/or landslides. Weekly labs and fieldwork examine local environmental problems affecting Maine’s rivers, lakes, and coast. Students complete a community-based research project. (Same as: ENVS 1104)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2018, Fall 2016, Spring 2016.

EOS 1505  (a, INS)   Oceanography  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 36.  

The fundamentals of geological, physical, chemical, and biological oceanography. Topics include tectonic evolution of the ocean basins; deep-sea sedimentation as a record of ocean history; global ocean circulation, waves, and tides; chemical cycles; ocean ecosystems and productivity; and the ocean’s role in climate change. Weekly labs and fieldwork demonstrate these principles in the setting of Casco Bay and the Gulf of Maine. Students complete a field-based research project on coastal oceanography. (Same as: ENVS 1102)

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2018, Spring 2017, Spring 2016.

EOS 2005  (a)   Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change  

Michele LaVigne.
Every Fall. Fall 2019. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

Understanding global change requires knowing how the biosphere, geosphere, oceans, ice, and atmosphere interact. An introduction to earth system science, emphasizing the critical interplay between the physical and living worlds. Key processes include energy flow and material cycles, soil development, primary production and decomposition, microbial ecology and nutrient transformations, and the evolution of life on geochemical cycles in deep time. Terrestrial, wetland, lake, river, estuary, and marine systems are analyzed comparatively. Applied issues are emphasized as case studies, including energy efficiency of food production, acid rain impacts on forests and aquatic systems, forest clearcutting, wetland delineation, eutrophication of coastal estuaries, ocean fertilization, and global carbon sinks. Lectures and three hours of laboratory or fieldwork per week. (Same as: ENVS 2221)

Prerequisites: EOS 1100 - 1999 or BIOL 1102 or BIOL 1109 or CHEM 1092 or CHEM 1102 or CHEM 1109 or ENVS 1102 or ENVS 1104 or ENVS 1515.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018, Fall 2017, Fall 2016, Fall 2015.

EOS 2010  (a)   Isotope Geochemistry  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

By analyzing the isotope variability of elements, scientists approach questions related to solid earth, earth surface, and ocean evolution. Radioactive decay and stable isotope mass fractionation are applied to authentic data sets to examine the timing of earth layer differentiation, the age of rock packages, paleotemperatures, the rate of weathering, erosion, and sedimentary basin development, and other applications.

Prerequisites: EOS 1100 - 1999 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or CHEM 1102 or CHEM 1109.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

EOS 2020  (a, INS)   Earth, Ocean, and Society  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores the historical, current, and future demands of society on the natural resources of the earth and the ocean. Discusses the formation and extraction of salt, gold, diamonds, rare earth elements, coal, oil, natural gas, and renewable energies (e.g., tidal, geothermal, solar, wind). Examines how policies for these resources are written and revised to reflect changing societal values. Students complete a research project that explores the intersection of natural resources and society. (Same as: ENVS 2250)

Prerequisites: EOS 1100 - 1999 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 1102 or ENVS 1104 or ENVS 1515 or ENVS 2221.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2018, Spring 2017.

EOS 2030  (a)   Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Applications in Earth and Oceanographic Science  

Michelle Fame.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2019. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

This course is a hands-on introduction to using geospatial datasets within a geographic information system (GIS) with direct applications to investigating questions in the Earth and Oceanographic Sciences. Emphasis is placed on using digital maps as a tool to assist with scientific inquiry and successful communication of findings. Technical topics include geospatial data acquisition and database management, coordinate systems and projections, creation and manipulation of raster and vector datasets, data digitization, incorporation of field data into GIS, using LiDAR and other remote sensing applications, and the production of professional quality final maps. As the culmination of this course students will propose and investigate a geospatial question that aligns with their academic/research interests or as a collaborative project with a community organization.

Prerequisites: EOS 1105 or EOS 1305 (same as ENVS 1104) or EOS 1505 (same as ENVS 1102).

EOS 2115  (a, INS)   Volcanology  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 18.  

Volcanism is responsible for the crusts and atmospheres of all the rocky planets (and some of the icy ones as well) and also affects human civilization. Survey of volcanic rocks and landforms and the impacts of volcanism on human and Earth history and climate. Volcanism serves as a probe into planetary interiors and allows comparison across the solar system. During weekly laboratory sessions students examine volcanic rocks in hand sample and thin section, volcanic deposits in the field and in maps and photos; and investigate the links between eruptive style of magma and its composition. Not open to students with credit in Earth and Oceanographic Science 2110.

Prerequisites: EOS 1105 or EOS 1305 (same as ENVS 1104) or EOS 1505 (same as ENVS 1102) or EOS 1515 (same as ENVS 1515) or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 1102 or ENVS 1104 or ENVS 1515.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2017, Spring 2016.

EOS 2125  (a, INS, MCSR)   Field Studies in Structural Geology  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 18.  

Geologic structures yield evidence for the dynamic deformation of the earth’s crust. Examines deformation at scales that range from the plate-tectonic scale of the Appalachian mountains to the microscopic scale of individual minerals. A strong field component provides ample opportunity for describing and mapping faults, folds, and other structures exposed along the Maine coast. Class exercises focus on problem solving through the use of geologic maps, cross-sections, stereographic projections, strain analysis, and computer applications.

Prerequisites: EOS 1100 - 1999 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 1102 or ENVS 1104 or ENVS 1515.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018, Fall 2016, Fall 2015.

EOS 2145  (a, INS)   The Plate Tectonics Revolution  

Every Other Spring. Enrollment limit: 18.  

Although only about forty years old, the theory of plate tectonics forever changed the way we view our earth, from static to dynamic. Plate tectonics provides a global framework to understand such varied phenomena as earthquakes, volcanoes, ocean basins, and mountain systems both on continents (e.g., the Himalaya, the Andes) and beneath the seas (e.g., the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the East Pacific Rise). In-depth analysis of plate boundaries, the driving forces of plate tectonics, global plate reconstructions, and the predictive power of plate tectonics. Lectures and three hours of laboratory or fieldwork per week.

Prerequisites: EOS 1100 - 1999 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 1102 or ENVS 1104 or ENVS 1515 or ENVS 2221.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2017.

EOS 2155  (a, MCSR)   Geomechanics and Numerical Modeling  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 18.  

Introduces fundamental physical processes important to the transport of heat, solid mass, and fluids in Earth and on Earth's surface. Emphasizes heat conduction, rock strength and failure, and viscous fluid flow. Provides practice with quantitative expression of physical processes that govern geologic processes. Solutions for problems are derived from first principles, including conservation and flux laws.

Prerequisites: Two of: either EOS 1100 - 1999 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) and MATH 1600 or Placement in MATH 1700 (M) or Placement in MATH 1750 (M) or Placement in MATH 1800 (M).

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019.

EOS 2165  (a, INS)   Mountains to Trenches: Petrology and Process  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 15.  

Exploration of the processes by which igneous rocks solidify from magma (e.g., volcanoes) and metamorphic rocks form in response to changes in pressure, temperature, and chemistry (e.g., mountain building). Interactions between petrologic processes and tectonics are examined through a focus on the continental crust, mid-ocean ridges, and subduction zones. Learning how to write effectively is emphasized throughout the course. Laboratory work focuses on hand sample observations, microscopic examination of thin sections, and geochemical modeling.

Prerequisites: EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 2221 or EOS 1105.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018.

EOS 2325  (a, INS)   Environmental Chemistry  

Every Other Spring. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Focuses on two key processes that influence human and wildlife exposure to potentially harmful substances, chemical speciation and transformation. Equilibrium principles as applied to acid-base, complexation, precipitation, and dissolution reactions are used to explore organic and inorganic compound speciation in natural and polluted waters; quantitative approaches are emphasized. Weekly laboratory sections are concerned with the detection and quantification of organic and inorganic compounds in air, water, and soils/sediments. (Same as: CHEM 2050, ENVS 2255)

Prerequisites: CHEM 1092 or CHEM 1102 or CHEM 1109 or CHEM 2000 - 2969 or Placement in CHEM 2000 level or Placement in CHEM 2000/1109.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2018, Spring 2016.

EOS 2335  (a, INS)   Sedimentary Systems  

Every Other Fall. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Investigates modern and ancient sedimentary systems, both continental and marine, with emphasis on the dynamics of sediment transport, interpretation of depositional environments from sedimentary structures and facies relationships, stratigraphic techniques for interpreting earth history, and tectonic and sea-level controls on large-scale depositional patterns. Weekend trip to examine Devonian shoreline deposits in the Catskill Mountains in New York is required.

Prerequisites: EOS 1100 - 1999 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 1102 or ENVS 1104 or ENVS 1515.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017, Fall 2015.

EOS 2345  (a)   Geomorphology: Form and Process at the Earth's Surface  

Michelle Fame.
Every Other Fall. Fall 2019. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

Earth’s surface is marked by the interactions of the atmosphere, water and ice, biota, tectonics, and underlying rock and soil. Even familiar landscapes beget questions on how they formed, how they might change, and how they relate to patterns at both larger and smaller scales. Examines Earth’s landscapes and the processes that shape them, with particular emphasis on rivers, hillslopes, and tectonic and climatic forcing. (Same as: ENVS 2270)

Prerequisites: EOS 1105 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 2221.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018, Fall 2016.

EOS 2365  (a)   Coastal Processes and Environments  

Every Year. Enrollment limit: 15.  

Coasts are among the most densely populated and dynamic components of the earth system, with forms that reflect the interplay among sediment delivery, reshaping by waves and coastal currents, changes in land subsidence and/or sea levels, and human interventions. Understanding these processes and how they may change is a first step toward reducing risk and developing resilient coastal communities. Examines coastal environments (e.g., deltas, barrier islands, beaches, salt marshes), the processes that shape them, and underlying controls. Considers impacts of climate change and sea-level rise on coastal erosion and flooding, and trade-offs involved in human responses to such problems.

Prerequisites: EOS 1105 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221).

Previous terms offered: Spring 2017, Fall 2015.

EOS 2525  (a)   Marine Biogeochemistry  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 15.  

Oceanic cycles of carbon, oxygen, and nutrients play a key role in linking global climate change, marine primary productivity, and ocean acidification. Fundamental concepts of marine biogeochemistry used to assess potential consequences of future climate scenarios on chemical cycling in the ocean. Past climate transitions evaluated as potential analogs for future change using select case studies of published paleoceanographic proxy records derived from corals, ice cores, and deep-sea sediments. Weekly laboratory sections and student research projects focus on creating and interpreting new geochemical paleoclimate records from marine archives and predicting future impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on marine calcifiers. (Same as: ENVS 2251)

Prerequisites: Two of: EOS 1100 - 1999 or either ENVS 1102 or ENVS 1104 or ENVS 1515 and EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221).

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2017, Fall 2015.

EOS 2530  (a)   Poles Apart: Exploration of Earth’s High Latitudes  

Collin Roesler.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2019. Enrollment limit: 35.
  

Compares and contrasts the tectonic evolution, geography, climate, glaciers and sea ice, ocean circulation and ocean biology of the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Emphasis on the Polar Regions’ role in global climate regulation and the sensitivity of these regions to climate change. In addition to scientific readings (textbook chapters and journal articles), students read exploration journals and polar biographies focused on polar exploration from the turn of the twentieth century. Fulfills the within-department elective in the EOS major. Taught in collaboration with ANTH 2572 Contemporary Arctic Environmental and Cultural Issues in fall 2019 to encourage interdisciplinary Arctic learning at the 2000-level. Students registering for both courses need only fulfill prerequisites for one of the courses; permission of instructor will override missing prerequisites. (Same as: ENVS 2287)

Prerequisites: EOS 1105 or EOS 1305 (same as ENVS 1104) or EOS 1505 (same as ENVS 1102) or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221).

Previous terms offered: Spring 2017.

EOS 2540  (a, INS)   Equatorial Oceanography  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

The equatorial ocean is a region with virtually no seasonal variability, and yet undergoes the strongest interannual to decadal climate variations of any oceanographic province. This key region constitutes one of the most important yet highly variable natural sources of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Explores how circulation, upwelling, biological activity, biogeochemistry, and CO2 flux in this key region vary in response to rapid changes in climate. Particular emphasis on past, present, and future dynamics of the El Niño Southern Oscillation. In-class discussions are focused on the primary scientific literature.

Prerequisites: EOS 1105 - 1515 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221).

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Fall 2015.

EOS 2550  (a, INS, MCSR)   Satellite Remote Sensing of the Ocean  

Every Other Fall. Enrollment limit: 35.  

In the 1980s, NASA’s satellite program turned some of its space-viewing sensors towards the earth to better understand its processes. Since that time, NASA’s Earth Observatory mission has yielded a fleet of satellites bearing an array of sensors that provide a global view of the earth each day. Global-scale ocean properties, including bathymetry, temperature, salinity, wave height, currents, primary productivity, sea ice distribution, and sea level, are revealed through satellite-detection of ultraviolet, visible, infrared and microwave energy emanating from the ocean. These satellite data records currently exceed thirty years in length and therefore can be used to interpret climate-scale ocean responses from space. A semester-long research project, targeted on a student-selected oceanic region, focuses on building both quantitative skills through data analysis and writing skills through iterative writing assignments that focus on communicating data interpretation and synthesis. (Same as: ENVS 2222)

Prerequisites: Two of: either EOS 1105 - 2969 or EOS 3000 or higher and either MATH 1300 - 2969 or MATH 3000 or higher or Placement in MATH 1600 (M) or Placement in MATH 1700 (M) or Placement in MATH 1750 (M) or Placement in MATH 1800 (M) or Placement in 2000, 2020, 2206 (M).

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.

EOS 2565  (a, INS, MCSR)   Coastal Oceanography  

Collin Roesler.
Non-Standard Rotation. Fall 2019. Enrollment limit: 15.
  

Coastal oceans lie between the shore and the continental shelves. While they represent less than 10 percent of the global ocean, they are responsible for more than half of the global ocean productivity and are the oceanic regime most experienced by humans. They are also the connection between terrestrial environment and the open ocean, and thus quite sensitive to anthropogenic activities. Interdisciplinary exploration of the coastal ocean includes geologic morphology, tides and coastal currents, river impacts, and coastal ecosystems, with examples taken from global coastal oceans. Weekly labs focus on developing skills in field observation, experimentation, and data analysis in the context of the Gulf of Maine. Fulfills the 2000-level ocean core requirement for the EOS major.

Prerequisites: Two of: EOS 1100 - 1999 and EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221).

EOS 2585  (a, INS, MCSR)   Ocean and Climate  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 18.  

The ocean covers more than 70 percent of Earth’s surface. It has a vast capacity to modulate variations in global heat and carbon dioxide, thereby regulating climate and ultimately life on Earth. Beginning with an investigation of paleo-climate records preserved in deep-sea sediment cores and in Antarctic and Greenland glacial ice cores, the patterns of natural climate variations are explored with the goal of understanding historic climate change observations. Predictions of polar glacial and sea ice, sea level, ocean temperatures, and ocean acidity investigated through readings and discussions of scientific literature. Weekly laboratory sessions devoted to field trips, laboratory experiments, and computer-based data analysis and modeling to provide hands-on experiences for understanding the time and space scales of processes governing oceans, climate, and ecosystems. Laboratory exercises form the basis for student research projects. Mathematics 1700 is recommended. (Same as: ENVS 2282)

Prerequisites: Two of: either EOS 1505 (same as ENVS 1102) or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or either ENVS 1102 or ENVS 2221 and MATH 1600 or Placement in MATH 1700 (M) or Placement in MATH 1750 (M) or Placement in MATH 1800 (M) or Placement in 2000, 2020, 2206 (M).

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.

EOS 2620  (a)   Topics in Gulf of Maine Oceanography  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

Explores oceanography of the Gulf of Maine through a variety of topical issues including harmful algal blooms, input of freshwater, and historical changes in chemical and biological properties. Fundamental principles of physical, chemical, and biological oceanography are explored together to consider the Gulf of Maine as a microcosm of the North Atlantic. Multiple presentations throughout allow students to communicate Gulf of Maine science to a variety of intended audiences.

Prerequisites: EOS 1100 - 1999 or EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221).

Previous terms offered: Spring 2016.

EOS 2630  (a, INS)   Oceans in the Anthropocene  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 35.  

We have entered the Anthropocene—a new geologic age marked by the profound influence of human behavior on the earth system. Humans have relied on the oceans for centuries and over time this relationship evolved from one of subsistence use to abuse, which has led to physical and ecological changes. Considers the services the oceans have provided over human history and how anthropogenic forcing has altered ocean properties and may in turn affect human lives. Explores current efforts to lessen and undo past wrongs and propose future mitigation and remediation approaches. With an eye to the future, considers current research on pollution (oil, plastics, eutrophication), climate change (sea level rise, acidification), and marine biodiversity (overfishing, habitat changes, invasive species), among other topics of student choosing.

Prerequisites: EOS 1000 - 2969 or EOS 3000 or higher.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2017.

EOS 2810  (a, INS, MCSR)   Atmospheric and Ocean Dynamics  

Every Other Fall. Enrollment limit: 35.  

A mathematically rigorous analysis of the motions of the atmosphere and oceans on a variety of spatial and temporal scales. Covers fluid dynamics in inertial and rotating reference frames, as well as global and local energy balance, applied to the coupled ocean-atmosphere system. (Same as: PHYS 2810, ENVS 2253)

Prerequisites: PHYS 1140.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2017, Fall 2015.

EOS 3020  (a)   Earth Climate History  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 16.  

The modern world is experiencing rapid climate warming and some parts extreme drought, which will have dramatic impacts on ecosystems and human societies. How do contemporary warming and aridity compare to past changes in climate over the last billion years? Are modern changes human-caused or part of the natural variability in the climate system? What effects did past changes have on global ecosystems and human societies? Students use environmental records from rocks, soils, ocean cores, ice cores, lake cores, fossil plants, and tree rings to assemble proxies of past changes in climate, atmospheric CO2, and disturbance to examine several issues: long-term carbon cycling and climate, major extinction events, the rise of C4 photosynthesis and the evolution of grazing mammals, orbital forcing and glacial cycles, glacial refugia and post-glacial species migrations, climate change and the rise and collapse of human civilizations, climate/overkill hypothesis of Pleistocene megafauna, climate variability, drought cycles, climate change impacts on disturbances (fire and hurricanes), and determining natural variability versus human-caused climate change. (Same as: ENVS 3902)

Prerequisites: EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 2221.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2018, Spring 2017, Spring 2016.

EOS 3115  (a)   Research in Mineral Science  

Every Spring. Enrollment limit: 15.  

Minerals are the earth’s building blocks and an important human resource. The study of minerals provides information on processes that occur within the earth’s core, mantle, crust, and at its surface. At the surface, minerals interact with the hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere, and are essential to understanding environmental issues. Minerals and mineral processes examined using hand-specimens, crystal structures, chemistry, and microscopy. Class projects emphasize mineral-based research.

Prerequisites: EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 2221.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2019, Spring 2018, Spring 2017, Spring 2016.

EOS 3140  (a)   Tectonics and Climate  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Exploration of the complex interactions between tectonics and climate. Discussion of current research is emphasized by reading primary literature, through class discussions and presentations, and by writing scientific essays. The emphasis on current research means topics may vary, but include: the rise of continents, the evolution of plate tectonics on Earth over the last 4.5 billion years, ancient mountain belts, supercontinents, the record of earth system processes preserved in the geologic record, predictions of how the modern earth system will be recorded in the future rock record, the topographic growth of mountain belts, and Cenozoic climate change.

Prerequisites: EOS 1105 or ENVS 2005.

Previous terms offered: Spring 2017, Spring 2016.

EOS 3515  (a)   Research in Oceanography: Topics in Paleoceanography  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 18.  

The ocean plays a key role in regulating Earth’s climate and serves as an archive of past climate conditions. The study of paleoceanography provides a baseline of natural oceanographic variability against which human-induced climate change must be assessed. Examination of the oceans’ physical, biological, and biogeochemical responses to external and internal pressures of Earth’s climate with focus on the Cenozoic Era (past 65.5 million years). Weekly labs and projects emphasize paleoceanographic reconstructions using deep-sea sediments, corals, and ice cores. Includes a laboratory and fulfills the 3000-level research experience course requirement for the EOS major.

Prerequisites: EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221) or ENVS 2221.

Previous terms offered: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.

EOS 3525  (a, INS, MCSR)   Research Experience in Oceanography: Topics in Coastal Ocean Dynamics and Ecosystems  

Non-Standard Rotation. Enrollment limit: 16.  

Explores the coastal waters from estuaries and bays to the continental shelf. Emphasis on the interconnectedness of physical processes that control the dynamics (e.g., waves, tides, coastal currents, upwelling, and estuarine circulation) and the response of biological processes that structure planktonic ecosystems (e.g., bottom up versus top down controls, carrying capacity, life history, and species succession). Weekly labs and semester-long research project focus on developing skills in field observation, experimentation, and data analysis. Course with separate lab fulfills the 3000-level capstone research requirement for the EOS major.

Prerequisites: Three of: either EOS 2115 or EOS 2125 or EOS 2145 or EOS 2165 or EOS 2335 or EOS 2345 (same as ENVS 2270) or EOS 2355 or EOS 2365 and either EOS 2525 (same as ENVS 2251) or EOS 2535 or EOS 2585 (same as ENVS 2282) or EOS 2625 or EOS 2665 and EOS 2005 (same as ENVS 2221).

Previous terms offered: Fall 2016.